Wet Chemistry Articles

  • Multi-Parameter Analysis and Enhanced Productivity by the Consolidation of Inorganic Wet Chemistry Methods

    Summary Multi-tasking and time allocations are key components to running an efficient laboratory and decreasing the cost per analysis for pH, conductivity, alkalinity, chloride, fluoride and ammonia.  The cost of analysis has risen over the years while revenue from these parameters has remained the same.  Much of the high cost is due to the use of multiple instruments, multiple ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Beyond Laboratory Research on White Rust and Passivation

    EVAPCO initiated an in-depth study to investigate the formation and control of white rust. This study, which began over three years ago, led to the development of industry-leading research equipment specifically designed to evaluate white rust formation on evaporative heat transfer surfaces. A small-scale closed circuit cooler was designed and built to replicate the dynamic conditions ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Do you know our new sensor for traffic management applications yet?

    After a year of development work, the new Lufft stationary road weather sensor StaRWIS (Stationary Road Weather Information Sensor) is now market-ready. It can be mounted at measuring distances of 5 to 6 meters above the road and is based on the award-winning LED technology we already used for the mobile road weather sensor ...

  • Keeping Healthcare/SPD Workers Safe from Exposure: 2 Very Different Options

    Continuous Monitoring vs. Badges Badges are designed to provide the Time Weighted Average (TWA) data for the total exposure period. They contain an absorption medium that reacts with or absorbs and holds the target chemical from the air to be analyzed later, which indicates the exposure after the fact. Badges, sample tubes, and wet chemical methods were the predominant technologies for monitoring ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • Working on a Love/Hate Relationship with the Surface Chemistry of Membrane Filters

    Water, oils, and solvents sometimes need to be filtered. But when you see filters labeled as hydrophilic, hydrophobic, and now oleophobic; what does all this mean?  Sterlitech currently offers membrane disc and sheet filters in 10 different polymer types and 4 inorganic filters. 2 of the polymer types are subdivided into 4 subgroups based on surface ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Is graphene hydrophobic or hydrophilic?

    The National Physical Laboratory's (NPL) Quantum Detection Group has just published research investigating the hydrophobicity of epitaxial graphene, which could be used in the future to better tailor graphene coatings to applications in medicine, electronics and more. Contrary to widely-held beliefs, the findings indicate that graphene's hydrophobicity is strongly thickness-dependent, with ...

  • Purification Of Industrial Gases: Chemical scrubber vs Physical Adsorption

    Gas purification using a chemical scrubber is a technology that has been applied successfully for decades for the purposes of eliminating contaminants in a gas flow. However, although it is a technique that is easy to design and quite flexible, it entails certain disadvantages and/or risks. In recent years there has been considerable interest in developing alternative ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • An evaluation of the residual toxicity and chemistry of a sodium hydroxide‐based ballast water treatment system for freshwater ships

    Non‐native organisms in the ballast water (BW) of freshwater ships must be killed to prevent the spread of invasive species. The ideal BW treatment system (BWTS) would kill 100% of BW organisms with minimal residual toxicity to organisms in receiving waters. The residual toxicity and chemistry of a BWTS was evaluated: sodium hydroxide was added to elevate pH to > 11.5 to kill BW organisms, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Facts About Ferrite Magnets

    Ferrite magnets are also referred to as ceramic or hard ferrite magnets. In the 1960s these magnets were developed to subsidize costly metallic magnets. Generally, they possess less energy compared to other magnets made of permanent materials. They are hard and relatively brittle. Since their creation, they have gradually won wide acceptance. This has been contributed by their excellent ...


    By Stanford Magnets

  • Introduction to Ferrite Magnets

    Ferrite magnets are also referred to as ceramic or hard ferrite magnets. In the 1960s these magnets were developed to subsidize costly metallic magnets. Generally, they possess less energy compared to other magnets made of permanent materials. They are hard and relatively brittle. Since their creation, they have gradually won wide acceptance. This has been contributed by their excellent ...


    By Stanford Magnets

  • Accuracy of different sensors for the estimation of pollutant concentrations (total suspended solids, total and dissolved chemical oxygen demand) in wastewater and stormwater

    Many field investigations have used continuous sensors (turbidimeters and/or ultraviolet (UV)-visible spectrophotometers) to estimate with a short time step pollutant concentrations in sewer systems. Few, if any, publications compare the performance of various sensors for the same set of samples. Different surrogate sensors (turbidity sensors, UV-visible spectrophotometer, pH meter, conductivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Viscotaq earns ‘nine out of 10’ rating from chemical plant - Case Study

    InduMar Products Inc. has been providing leak repair solutions for 25 years to all markets where pipe leaks are a problem. The company’s VISCOTAQ product line has been developed in cooperation with leading companies in the oil and gas industry and polymer engineering companies to meet the demand for coating technology with unique and better properties for corrosion control. The result is a ...


    By InduMar Products, Inc.

  • Reliable pH measurement in Oily applications

    pH measurement in the petrochemical industry is frequently extremely difficult. Operating in high temperatures with highly reactive contaminants traditional pH reference electrodes can, in some applications, last only days. IC Controls 613 sensors reference is designed for difficult applications particularly where fouling or poisoning conditions exist. The reference uses a highly stable ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Asbestos monitoring – what monitor should I be using?

    Asbestos is the name given to a group of minerals that occur naturally as masses of strong, flexible fibres that can be separated into thin threads and woven. These fibres are not affected by heat and do not conduct electricity. Asbestos is chemically, relatively stable. For these reasons, asbestos has been widely used in many industries.  These four types are classified as follows:  ...


    By Shawcity Limited

  • Increasing condenser capacity without adding tubes to support a station uprate

    Abstract A station uprate provides an economical opportunity to improve the generation capacity of a power plant if all the major system components are able to handle the effects of increased generation. The magnitude of uprate from increased steam generation will be limited by the maximum capacity of the weakest link in the cycle, which for many plants is the condenser. The condensers ...


    By Intek, Inc.

  • Adsorption of Trihydroxamate and Catecholate Siderophores on -iron (Hydr)oxides and their dissolution at pH 3.0 to 6.0

    The adsorption of desferrioxamine (DFOB), acetyl desferrioxamine (DFOD1), and a catecholate derivative (DFOMTA)] on goethite (-FeOOH) and hematite (-Fe2O3) and mineral dissolution behavior at pH 3.0 to 6.0 were studied to yield an understanding of the mechanisms of siderophore complexation on  phases and also to study how variations in siderophore molecular structure, as modified by proton ...

  • Tri-NOx Multi-Chem Wet Scrubber. Case Study of Our NOx Scrubber in a Hydroprocessing Plant.

    Criterion Catalyst Co. L.P. is the world's largest supplier of catalysts for hydroprocessing, including hydrotreating applications. The company is also a leading supplier of reforming and specialty catalysts for the refining industry. Criterion's facility in Azusa, CA installed a Tri-NOx Mult-Chem scrubber with a 3000 cfm capacity at 250 lbs./hr. of NOx. The system has four polypropylene columns, ...


    By Tri-Mer Corporation

  • Dissolved Organic Nitrogen Measurement in Reclaimed Water

    Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is an emerging concern for wastewater reclamation and reuse communities since DON may react with disinfectants to form carcinogenic nitrogenous disinfection byproducts (DBP) (e.g., haloacetonitriles, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)) and to affect the speciation of currently regulated DBP (trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids). Also, DON is present in proteins that ...

  • Surface and Rainwater Chemistry in Sri Lanka - A Risk of Acidification

    Abstract: Chemical constituents of surface and rain water in Sri Lanka were analysed to examine the susceptibility of aquatic environment for episodic acidification. The buffer intensity of different types of surface water ranged from 8.09 ± 4.61 × 10^{-4} to 55.05 ± 21.18 × 10^{-4} moles l^{-1} pH^{-1}. The pH values of the rainwater samples collected island-wide once and at Kandy on a regular ...


  • Environmental Effects of Acid Rain

    Air Pollution Creates Acid Rain Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain. Acidic deposition, or acid rain as it is commonly known, occurs when emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) react in the atmosphere with water, oxygen, and oxidants to form various acidic compounds. This mixture forms a mild ...

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