From Recycling Areas
Used tyres are among the largest and most problematic sources of waste today, due to the large volume produced and their durability. The same characteristics which make waste tyres a waste problem also make them one of the most re-used waste materials. Recycled tyre chips can be used for TDF (Tyre Derived Fuel) which is a fuel used for heat plants and cement ovens or for equestrian (i.e. rubber mixed with sand or sawdust used in the horse industry as ground in the stable or at the tracks). Rubber granulate is reused in e.g. sports fields, artificial turfs, rubber mats and moulded products. Rubber powder can be reused in rubber paved asphalt. The recovered steel can be smelted and reused just like non-recovered steel. Finally, the liberated textile has a very high effective burning value and can therefore be mixed with other materials in order to increase that material’s effective burning value.
Large Waste Problem
Each year about 1.5 billion tires are sold world wide, which means that about as many are discarded. According to the European Tyre and Rubber Manufacturers Association (ETRMA) the recovery rate for End of Life Tires are about 95 percent in EU27, Switzerland and Norway, 89 % in the US and 91% in Japan*.
Large Recycling Potential
A recycled tyre is separated into rubber (approx. 60%), fabric (approx. 20 %) and steel (approx. 20 %). In the above mentioned these regions about 7,336,800 ton End of Life Tyres are recovered each year – i.e. about 4,402,080 ton rubber and 2,934,820 steel is recovered.
Those same characteristics which make waste tires such a waste problem also make them one of the most re-used waste materials. As the rubber is very resilient, it can be reused in other products. The materials that are the outcome of tyre recycling have many benefits (as the flexibility, strength and combustibility).
Entire or shredded tyres can be used for coastal protection projects and reinforcing embankments alongside roads. Because of its noise reducing benefits it is also useful on rain and tram tracks to reduce noise and vibrations. Another popular application for the rubber is in shoe soles, shock absorbers and shock absorbing mats.
Applications for powdered rubber are for example wheels (for dustbins, wheelbarrows, lawn mowers), artificial floor covering for sports arenas, flooring for stables and other protective floor (for schools, playgrounds etc) and rubber modified asphalt for road surfing (added for enhancing longevity and noise reducing).
The recovered steel is e.g. smelted and reused just like non-recovered steel.
Eldan Tyre Recycling
The idea behind the Eldan recycling equipment it fairly simple – downsize the material enough to be able to separate the various materials.
The technique behind the Eldan recycling equipment is not as simple – it has been developed since the company started in 1956. The first entire tyre plant was sold in the beginning of the 1990’s. Since then we have sold about 250 entire tyre recycling plants, and has become one of the leading names within tyre recycling.
With the Eldan tyre recycling equipment you will be able to process whole car and truck tyres (including super singles) without prior debeading being required. You can also process earth mover tyres, OTR etc.
The tyre recycling systems offered by Eldan is modular systems enabling you to invest as much or as little as you wish in the certain confidence that it will always be possible to add to the system as required. The flexibility of this modular approach means that a large number of combinations can be obtained ranging from a single machine for shreds or chips to a complete system for granules.
The Eldan plants are Multi-Size-Plants which mean that it is merely a question of changing the screen combination in the machines, should you wish to produce a different output size. The size requirements for the rubber/crumb market vary a lot, which is why it is so important to get a Multi-Size-Plant.