Clay Liner Articles

  • Designing With Geosynthetic Clay Liners

    In construction, preventing the penetration of liquids and gases is essential to maintaining the integrity of a structure. Often, containment is just as important, especially when dealing with chemical contaminants or other waste. When looking to stop the spread of contaminated liquids and gases, there are few tools as effective as geosynthetic clay liners (GCL). Read on to learn how to design ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Comparing nonreinforced and internally reinforced GCL

    Water is one of the most destructive forces on the planet, eroding everything from continents to human-made wonders. Water is also a vector by which contaminants spread from landfills and other waste reservoirs. Therefore, creating effective water seals has been a top concern in construction. For many years, factory-fabricated clay products have been the barrier of choice against water and other ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • What the Build America Bureau Means for Geosynthetics

    The Geosynthetic Materials Association anticipates higher demand for geosynthetics on the heels of the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act, or FAST act, and the recent addition of the Build America Bureau. The new group was created to support the $305 billion FAST Act, which provides long-term funding for U.S. infrastructure planning and ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • The Lighter Side of Geomembranes

    Geomembrane installations often cover substantial areas. Landfill cells pose enormous footprints. Oil and gas pits, industrial processing ponds, and wastewater containment ponds are large installations too, and each year they tend to be built a little larger. The scaling up of these facilities is not just a matter of achieving better operational economics for the ...


    By Nilex

  • Landfill Liners Vary by Application

    It was in 1991 that the Environmental Protection Agency promulgated its Criteria for Municipal Waste Landfills that set location restrictions, design and operating standards, groundwater monitoring requirements, corrective actions, closure requirements, and more for landfills. It was these rules that mandated that landfills be lined on the sides and bottom before waste is deposited and capped on ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Environmental protection with Bentofix case study

    The project had been discussed for more than 40 years before the three-laned road (width 11.50m) was finally constructed in 2002. The required water protection measurement was performed in four working steps according to the planning of the designing office Misera in Freiburg: A 10cm thick sand layer was installed over the prepared subgrade A needlepunched geosynthetic clay liner ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • Federal motorway A6 Mannheim-Heilbronn case study

    Stable RiStWag -construction guidelines for roadways in water preservation areas Included in the A6 federal motorway construction project lot Mannheim – Heilbronn/Weinsberg, AS Bad Rappenau – AS Neckarsulm is the widening of km 631+640 and km 641+060 to six lanes. This section is runs through a water preservation zone, type IIIa, protected under RiStWag. Because of this, a ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • Canal sealing with Bentofix case study

    After the first pilot project installation of a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) in a 1 km long section of the Havel-Oder-Waterway in 1997/98, approved by the local German Water and Ship Authority a second project followed shortly after. In a 500 m long section of the Dortmund-Ems-Canal a newly developed innovative GCL was installed under water. The installed GCL was Bentofix BZ 13-B, a ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • Road Over Sensitive Groundwater Areas - Case Study

    When constructing or extending new roads, the responsible designers and contractors are increasingly faced with the task of preventing soil contamination. Therefore, measures for the protection of the groundwater are necessary in more and more cases. The corresponding requirements and specifications for such measurements are regulated in the "guide-line for constructional measurements of roads in ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • Capping of black devon landfill, Alloa, Scotland case study

    The area of contention was Black Devon, a pre legislative landfill of the old „dig and dump“ variety on the banks of the river Forth, outside of Alloa, Scotland. Alloa is situated at the foot of the stunning Ochill Hills in the county of Clackmannanshire and is close to the port of Grangemouth. The landfill had been accepting wastes over many years from neighbouring industries ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • Bali’s first modern landfill design case study

    Bangli Regional Landfill in Indonesia’s Bali province is located about 60km outside of Denpasar, the provincial capital and home to more than 500,000 residents. The region hosts Ngurah Rai International Airport—the main entry point into Bali—and numerous tourist destinations along Bali’s popular white sands beaches. When the Indonesian central government approved ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • Bentofix® sealing at Toulouse-Blagnac Airport case study

    One of the largest infrastructure projects in Europe in recent years has been in Toulouse-Blagnac in France on the premises of the airport and the Airbus factory where in future the new Airbus A 380 is to be built. During the course of this construction project not only hangers where the wide-bodied aircraft is to be assembled were built but the whole infrastructure was aligned to ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • Pollution level detection in dump clay liners by hyperspectral imaging

    Landfill is the most common and cost–effective method of waste disposal, with collection and transportation accounting for 75% of the total cost. A key point in waste disposal is the picking up and the drainage of percolation fluids to limit the risk of groundwater contamination. Aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility to develop fast and reliable methods to perform an in situ ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • GCL serves as cost-effective, time saving alternative to compacted clay liner in mine drainage settlement pond

    PROJECT: CONSOL Bailey Mine Tailings Pond LOCATION: West Finley, Pennsylvania PRODUCTS: BENTOMAT® SDN BACKGROUND: Bailey Mine, located in Southwestern Pennsylvania and owned by parent company CONSOL Energy Inc., supplies bituminous coal used in the generation of electricity. At the site, coal laden sediment is pumped to ...

  • GCL used in stormwater pond helps maintain natural habitat for local cutthroat trout

    PROJECT: Kearns Meadow Stormwater Pond LOCATION: Jackson, Wyoming PRODUCTS: BENTOMAT® CL BACKGROUND: Kearns Meadow consists of 41-acres of land in the middle of Jackson, Wyoming. It contains approximately one mile of Flat Creek, which serves as an important spawning habitat for local cutthroat trout. ...

  • Low-permeability liner solution for coal-ash by-products

    PROJECT: TVA Kingston Gypsum Pond Expansion LOCATION: Harriman, Tennessee PRODUCTS: BENTOMAT® 600CL BENTOMAT® CL EASY ROLLER™ Deployment System BACKGROUND: As part of its emissions control at the Kingston Fossil Plant, flue gas desulfurization is performed, which creates as a by-product a synthetic ...

  • Performance assessment of deformation behaviour of landfill barriers at the onset of differential settlement

    The present study focuses on the performance of various impervious barriers of cover systems subjected to differential settlements. Various impervious barriers, namely Compacted Clay Liner (CCL), Geosynthetic Clay Liner (GCL) and Fibre Reinforced Clay Liner (FRCL) were subjected to differential settlements artificially in a centrifuge using hydraulic trap-door system. Distinct delay in water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing Frost Damage in Compacted Clay Liners

    Methods used to assess frost damage (here defined as a large increase in hydraulic conductivity) in compacted clay liners are reviewed and evaluated using data collected from two test pads that were instrumented and then exposed to winter weather. The methods include comparisons of measurements of either water content and dry unit weight or hydraulic conductivity made before and after winter ...


    By ASTM International

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