Geophysics Articles

  • Using a Ground Penetrating Radar (Important terms)

    Air Low dielectric (~1), high velocity material i.e. EM waves travel almost at the speed of light. In air the emission pattern of GPR antennas is broader than in the ground. It is recommended to place the GPR as close to the ground as possible to direct emission energy further into a material. Some applications of GPR include emission exclusively in air.Ground / ...


    By Oerad Tech Ltd

  • Performing Bridge Deck Inspections with Ground Penetrating Radar

    Maintenance of the nation’s infrastructure is a growing concern. No one wants to be delayed by road closures due to emergency repair. Unfortunately, often the organizations responsible for repairing and maintaining our roads are unaware of areas in the roads that need repair until the road is so damaged that it requires emergency repair. In the case of sensitive road areas like ...


    By Encompass Inspections LLC

  • Meltwater flow through a rapidly deglaciating glacier and foreland catchment system: Virkisjökull, SE Iceland

    Virkisjökull is a rapidly retreating glacier in south-east Iceland. A proglacial lake has formed in the last ten years underlain by buried ice. In this study we estimate water velocities through the glacier, proglacial foreland and proglacial river using tracer tests and continuous meltwater flow measurements. Tracer testing from a glacial moulin to the glacier outlet in September 2013 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methods used to carry out six roadway investigations of sinkholes

    Abstract Karst conditions are a prevalent problem impacting many roads, bridges and highways of the United States. Six case-histories present an overview of investigations made to determine the presence of karst (sinkholes and cavities) and their possible impact on existing or new construction. These six case-histories represent projects which range from reconnaissance investigations to ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • The heat budget of Lake Kilpisjärvi in the Arctic tundra

    An extensive research programme has been carried through in 2007–2009 on the ice cover geophysics in Lake Kilpisjärvi, located at 69 °03′N 20 °50′E, 473 m above sea level, and about 60 km from the shore of the Norwegian Sea. The surface area of the lake is 37.1 km2, and the maximum depth is 57 m. Data were collected of ice, snow and weather conditions with an automatic ice station in the lake. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case Study - Pipeline Subsidence

    Looking for sinkholes Pyramid Environmental recently performed a geophysical investigation for the National Park Service at Carlsbad Caverns National Park in Carlsbad, NM. The survey used electrical resistivity mapping (ER) to look for potential underground caves or caverns near an area designated for the construction of an underground utility line. A 2D resistivity survey ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Electrotelluric Geophysical Exploration

    Noted petroleum geologist Jack Elam writes about the abilities of Geophysic's patented electrotelluric tool known as the Petro-Sonde.  It's ability to give the client the depth, thickness and contents of a pay zone without the need for boreholes first.  By far the most advanced surveying tool on the market today the Petro-Sonde has been used in thousands of surveys all across the globe. ...


    By Geophysics International

  • Adsorption of Pb2+ from aqueous solution using spinel ferrite prepared from steel pickling sludge

    In this paper, spinel ferrite with high crystallinity and high saturation magnetization was successfully prepared from steel pickling sludge by adding iron source and precipitator in the hydrothermal condition. The obtained spinel ferrite was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and Zeta potential ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Terracon consulting engineers case study

    Terracon Consulting Engineers and Scientists operates nationally with over 140 offices. The Challenge In the mid-west, glacial clays can be problematic Concerns about whether it was possible to utilize CPT in Nebraska and New Mexico Cones unable to survive soil types Test able to get to depths required ...


    By Vertek a Division of ARA

  • High–quality single–crystal diamond–graphite–diamond membranes and devices

    Implantation of hydrogen ions into synthetic single–crystal diamonds followed by subsequent high–temperature annealing and anodic etching of implanted crystals was used to obtain structurally perfect 30–nm thick diamond membranes with optically active NV− centres (area up to several tens mm²) appropriate for use in integral magnetometers and quantum–informatics optoelectronic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Geo Drilling International: Hands-On

    Boart Longyear has launched a core-orientation system made for drillers, by drillers Although critical for mapping exploration and minesite development, core orientation is part of the drilling process that has experienced only incremental product improvements through small changes to the process and equipment. Boart Longyear has now introduced TruCore, a first-inindustry integrated ...


    By Boart Longyear Inc.

  • Archaeological survey 2

    The site of the Meadows’ Wesleyan Cemetery in the Adelaide is thought to contain more than 130 unmarked graves. This site initially had a chapel constructed on it in 1840 and the first burial in 1855.  The initial chapel was replaced by a more substantial stone building in 1856.  Burials continued in this cemetery sporadically until the 1940’s although the site became less ...

  • Incotec Bolivia CPT case study

    Vertek partner Incotec recently entered the cone penetration test business area with the purchase of a Vertek S4 Push System. Learn more about the geotechnical market in their home country of Bolivia and  ...


    By Vertek a Division of ARA

  • Vertek CPT rigs are proven to withstand the test of time

    The most reliable equipment on the market today, with the widest range of applications, your Vertek CPT rig will get you into a wider range of jobs, and get those jobs done quickly and efficiently. In the rare case that you need support, our U.S. based factory and support team are there to get you back up and running in less time than any competing manufacturer. Don’t just take our word for ...


    By Vertek a Division of ARA

  • An Impulse Generator for The Ground penetrating radar

    Abstract In last time ground penetrating radars (GPR) are widely used for search and analysis of varied underground objects of natural and artificial origins. Caves and cavities can also be found and investigated with the GPR's aid. Impulse generator is the key unit, which determine GPR's parameters: depth of penetrating, accuracy et al. Serial power drift diodes are used for ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • The VIY-2 Ground Penetrating Radar

    Abstract The VIY-2 ground penetrating radar (GPR) with unique sounding possibilities and use simplicity is presented at this paper. The VIY-2 GPR combines all units (synchronizer, transmitting and receiving modules, power supply and antenna system) into single case. The VIY-2 GPR communicates with computer via standard interface RS232 or USB 1.0. Utilized by the VIY-2 GPR technical solutions ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Drift Step Recovery Devices Utilization for Electromagnetic Pulse Radiation

    Abstract—Utilization of drift step recovery devices for high power electromagnetic short pulse radiation is discussed here. Possibility of powerful impulse radiation is connected with decision of two problems: how to reach stable extremely powerful impulse of nanosecond and subnanosecond duration with repetition rate of dozens and hundreds of kHz; and how to bring to antenna and radiate ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Adaptive Kinetic Antenna

    Abstract - The paper describes a method of kinetic antenna development that can be adapted to environmental conditions. The kinetic antenna is a variety of integrated into impulse generator active antenna that is used for kinetic energy accumulation. Such antennas are attractive for ground penetrating radars owing to its possibility to change radiation spectrum in according with ground ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Unexploded ordinance case study

    Jacksonville, Florida A geophysical investigation was conducted at a World War II era bombing range in the eastern United States. The site was approximately 2,000 feet by 300 feet in plan dimension. Historical information indicated that MK23 practice bombs, 2.75” rockets, and 100 pound practice bombs were used at the site. The purpose of the geophysical investigation was to ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Seismic reflection, seismic crosshole and ground penetrating radar case study

    Geophysical Investigation of the Crosstown Expressway. Tampa, FL In April, 2004 Pier 97 which supported an elevated roadway in Tampa, FL was vertically displaced (collapsed) approximately 10 feet (ft). At the time of the collapse it was not known whether the collapse was associated with geological conditions at the site, specifically karst conditions, or whether is was associated with a ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

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