Accurate fountain (dampening) solution concentration control is essential for consistent, high-quality results in lithography. Low concentration can cause drying on the non-image area of the plate resulting in tinting, scumming, blanket piling, etc. High concentrations, on the other hand, bring about over-emulsification of the ink. This results in weakening of color strength and changes in ink rheology (body and flow properties). Correct concentration will allow the non-image areas of the plate to be appropriately wetted.
By Myron L Company based in Carlsbad, CALIFORNIA (USA).
Municipal water treatment facilities utilize continuous mixing to process drinking water for municipalities. There are a variety of drinking water sources and therefore different processing steps for the water. Processes utilize rotating and static mixing to treat the water for human consumption.
By National Oilwell Varco based in Dayton, OHIO (USA).
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