Flue Gas Monitoring Articles

  • The Chemical Route to a Carbon Dioxide Neutral World

    Excessive CO2 emissions in the atmosphere from anthropogenic activity can be divided into point sources and diffuse sources. The capture of CO2 from flue gases of large industrial installations and its conversion into fuels and chemicals with fast catalytic processes seems technically possible. Some emerging technologies are already being demonstrated on an industrial scale. Others are still ...


    By SusChem

  • Case study - Jämtlands Värme, Strömsund

    The boiler for Jämtlands Värme in Stromsund was built in 1987.  The old flue gas condenser, from another supplier, began leaking and needed to be replaced. Boiler: 10 MW Fuel: Bio fuels Condensor effect: 2 MW The boiler in Strömsund was built in 1987 and in 1994 it was equipped with a flue gas ...


    By Envibat AB

  • Case study - HOTAB, Norway

    Hotab chose Envibat’s flue gas condensation in its boiler plant, delivered to Statkraft , Sandefjord in Norway. The plant is built on lamella technology providing a compact design while performing good temperature efficiency. Boiler size: 2×4 MW Fuel: Biofuel Envibat has supplied a condensor for Air Pollution Control for flow gases ...


    By Envibat AB

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Precipitator Solves Dryer Problem

    Plum Creek Manufacturing, Columbia Falls, Montana, installed a PPC Industries electrostatic precipitator to solve a direct fired dryer dust plugging problem. The electrostatic precipitator was installed in a very congested area and the project had to be done so the dryer was off-line a minimal amount of time. Plum Creek personnel relocated existing equipment, poured concrete footings, ran all of ...

  • Investment in resource innovation needed for a key tech ecosystem

    We are living in a time of major transitions, and we are at the beginning of a new innovation supercycle. With more than 9,000 technology companies currently calling British Columbia home, there’s no shortage of support and enthusiasm for our burgeoning hub for startup ventures. But while we pride ourselves on cultivating new businesses at the startup level, we are neglecting to provide ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Fenton degradation of Cartap hydrochloride: identification of the main intermediates and the degradation pathway

    The advanced oxidation of Cartap hydrochloride (Cartap) promoted by the Fenton system in an aqueous medium was investigated. Based on total organic carbon, chemical oxygen demand and high-performance liquid chromatography, the oxidation of Cartap is quite efficient by the Fenton system. Its long chain is easily destroyed, but the reaction does not proceed to complete mineralization. Ion ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fenton degradation of Cartap hydrochloride: identification of the main intermediates and the degradation pathway

    The advanced oxidation of Cartap hydrochloride (Cartap) promoted by the Fenton system in an aqueous medium was investigated. Based on total organic carbon, chemical oxygen demand and high-performance liquid chromatography, the oxidation of Cartap is quite efficient by the Fenton system. Its long chain is easily destroyed, but the reaction does not proceed to complete mineralization. Ion ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mercury and other trace elements in Ohio River fish collected near coal‐fired power plants: Interspecific patterns and consideration of consumption risks

    Many coal‐fired electric generating facilities in the US are discharging higher loads of Hg, Se, and other chemicals to receiving streams due to the installation of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) air pollution control units. There are regulatory concerns about the potential increased uptake of these bioaccumulative trace elements into food webs. We evaluated the concentrations of As, THg, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Cement and Lime Kilns case study

    Cement and Lime Kilns PROCESS DESCRIPTION Cement, lime and gypsum manufacturing processes have in common the mixing of inorganic minerals calcined at high temperatures typically using rotary kilns (vertical kilns are also used). CEMENT Regular Portland cements are the usual products for general concrete construction. The raw ...

  • The Other Side of Zirconium Oxide case study

    Regular Fuel Efficiency Applications Separate Oxygen and Combustibles Sensors In standard flue gas applications for Thermox analyzers, the user generally tries to extract the maximum energy from the fuel and transfers as much of that energy as possible to the process. These applications require the process to be operated as efficiently as possible by keeping both oxygen (excess air) and ...

  • 5th-Generation Thermox WDG Flue Gas Combustion Analyzer

    "For more than 40 years, we have been a leader in combustion gas analysis," says Mike Fuller, divison VP of sales and marketing and business development for Ametek Process Instruments, "and we believe the WDG-V is the combustion analyzer of the future." WDG analyzers are based on a zirconium oxide cell that provides a reliable and cost-effective solution for measuring excess oxygen in flue gas as ...

  • Enhancing the efficiency of crude oil transportation pipeline: a novel approach

    In this paper, exergy and economic analyses are carried out on a 30″ crude oil transportation pipeline and related pump stations. The exergy destructions and losses of the components and the entire system were determined in the operation, resulting in the identification of the gas turbines stacks as the major elements of exergy losses. A proposal has been made for improving the energy and exergy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamic analysis of efficient recovery and utilisation of waste heat resources during sintering process

    Efficient recycling and utilisation of waste heat resources are among the primary methods in saving energy during sintering process, as waste heat resource recycling and utilisation are essentially energy conversion process. The purpose of this study is to analyse energy conversion and utilisation during the sintering process, and waste heat resources in each subsystem during the sintering ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Formulation and optimization of biological removal of flue gas pretreatment wastewater and sulfur recycling process by Box–Behnken design

    The aim of this study was to investigate optimum conditions for biological removal of flue gas pretreatment wastewater and achieve maximum elemental sulfur yield. A three-factor, three-level Box–Behnken design was used to derive a second-order polynomial equation and construct contour plots to predict responses. The independent variables selected were hydraulic retention time ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exergy and energy analysis of an AC steel electric arc furnace under actual conditions

    The energy and exergy analyses of an existing steel Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) are performed to estimate the potential for increasing the furnace efficiency. To obtain realistic results, the effect of air infiltration into the furnace was taken into account. The results of the analyses revealed that the energy and exergy efficiencies of the furnace are low and should be increased. The main ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Overview of mercury control in coal-fired power plants

    During combustion, the mercury (Hg) in coal is volatilized and converted to elemental mercury (Hg0) vapor in the high temperature regions of coal-fired boilers. As the flue gas is cooled, a series of complex reactions begin to convert Hg0 to ionic mercury (Hg2+) compounds and/or Hg compounds (Hgp) that are in a solid-phase at flue gas cleaning temperatures or Hg that is adsorbed onto the surface ...

  • 4.5 MWe Refuse Derived Fuel to Energy Plant Case Study

    This 4.5 MWe Biomass Power Plant is one of the turnkey products of Biomass Power. The plant has a capacity of 24 MW thermal and rated at 4.5 MWe producing 35,476MWh of green electricity per year, 100% of which is exported to the grid. The fuel used is segregated biomass from a commercial and industrial waste collection business. The fuel is produced by removing some of the recyclable material ...


    By Biomass Power Limited (BPL)

  • Final report Experimental Study Investigating Risks of selected Amines (ExSIRA)

    Summary The effect of selected amines on the corrosion of carbon steel and copper was investigated in the laboratory and in the field. The steel and copper samples were exposed to loads of the amines in the laboratory, representing estimated 10 years worst case exposure due to emission from a CO2 capturing plant at the Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM). No effect on the corrosion rate for ...

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