Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) Articles

  • UXO discrimination using time domain electromagnetic induction

    Introduction An explosive ordnance is a munition that is either launched or fired with the intent of detonation at a specified target. An unexploded ordnance (UXO) is an explosive ordnance that, due to some malfunction, remains undetonated. As a result, the ordnance can be found at the ground surface, partially buried, or buried at a depth of up to 8 m beneath the surface. Practical and ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • RCRA and CERCLA Hazardous Waste Sites - case study

    Expert management oversight and support at polluted sites Nationwide The Summary For more than a quarter-century, we provided a wide range of scientific and regulatory expertise on enforcement, permitting and corrective action at some of the nation's most polluted hazardous waste sites. The Client ...


    By AlterEcho

  • A dynamite job? Cleaning up trinitrotoluene waste at the Apache powder superfund site.

    The clean up of trinitrotoluene (TNT) wastes and contaminated soils from an abandoned TNT salvage operation is underway at the Apache Powder Superfund Site in Cochise County. Clean-up operations involved an unexploded ordnance (UXO) survey, on-site pre-burn of high-grade materials, excavation, and off-site disposal. Approximately 5,400 lb of high-grade TNT wastes (averaging approximately 33 ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • An investigation and remediation of TNT contaminated soils.

    An investigation and remediation of TNT contaminated soils and wastes was conducted at the Apache Powder Superfund Site in Cochise County, Arizona during 1999 and 2000. TNT contamination was most likely the result of salvage operations of World War I munitions. Characterized by a steep hillside and arroyo cutting through the wastes, the site offered challenges of stability, access, health and ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Non-intrusive site investigation (UXO, CWM concerns)

    BEACON personnel used global positioning system (GPS) equipment to map out site locations. The soil-gas data clearly identified source areas of Trichloroethene (TCE) as well as other compounds of concern. The results showed the location of chlorinated contamination, which correlated well with data from a geophysical survey. While the flux chambers were in the field, more than nine inches of rain ...

  • Dredging contaminated sediments at an active impact range: an ordnance avoidance success

    At Eagle River Flats, the challenge was to remediate the white phosphorous but leave the UXO (unexploded ordnance) behind. The solution was a dredge system that can withstand a big bang. Eagle River Flats, an estuarine salt marsh located at Fort Richardson in Alaska, has been used by the armed forces for over 50 years as an artillery impact area. During the 1980's, thousands of dead and dying ...

  • Quantifying the transport of energetic materials in unsaturated sediments from cracked unexploded ordnance

    Received for publication January 15, 2009. Dissolved explosive species have been found in the groundwater under military training areas. These explosives are thought to originate from munitions although the mechanism of transport to the groundwater is poorly understood. This study was conducted to determine whether ruptured unexploded ordnance may be a viable source term for these explosives. The ...

  • Geostatistical interpolation of object counts collected from multiple strip transects: Ordinary kriging versus finite domain kriging

    Data collected along transects are becoming more common in environmental studies as indirect measurement devices, such as geophysical sensors, that can be attached to mobile platforms become more prevalent. Because exhaustive sampling is not always possible under constraints of time and costs, geostatistical interpolation techniques are used to estimate unknown values at unsampled locations from ...


    By Springer

  • Army National Guard Training Center Sustainment Initiative

    The 2002 Defense Authorization Act, requires a comprehensive assessment of unexploded ordnance, discarded military munitions, and munitions constituents located at current and former defense sites. To support this requirement, the Army National Guard (ARNG) is conducting a assessment of the environmental vulnerabilities at its Training Centers. The goals of the assessment include providing ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Utilizing a Multiple Metal Detector Array for Locating Anomalies Indicative of Ferrous and Non-Ferrous OE/UXO

    ABSTRACT An array of three Geonics Limited EM61-MK2 metal detectors was utilized to identify subsurface metallic anomalies at the Mare Island Naval Shipyard in Vallejo, California. The goal of the 120-acre survey was to locate anomalies indicative of ferrous and nonferrous ordnance and explosives/unexploded ordnance (OE/UXO) in dredge pond berms with particular attention to 20 mm high explosive ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Thermal Treatment Technologies

    Hot gas decontamination: Hot gas decontamination is a technology still in the pilot-scale of development that can be used for decontamination of explosives-contaminated masonry or metallic structures. The method involves sealing and insulating the structures, heating with hot gas stream to 260 °C (500 °F) for a prescribed period of time, volatilizing the explosive contaminants, and destroying ...

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