Chromatography Articles

  • Separation of citral isomers from lemongrass oil

    Reveleris® Prep: Purification with flash chromatography followed by a prep-HPLC isolation of citral isomers Lemongrass is cultivated around the world. It's mainly grown for its oils, which have a number of uses including for vitamin A, perfumes, insect spray, cosmetics, perfumes, food and drinks. Lemongrass is also enjoyed as a tea throughout the world. Lemongrass oil contains several ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Development of a Cleaning Validation Method for MICRO® A07 Citric Acid Cleaner Using HPLC-CAD

    Abstract A high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with a Corona Charged Aerosol detector for the cleaning validation of MICRO* A07 Citric Acid Cleaner residue has been developed. The pooled average repeatability of 3 replicates at 6 concentration levels expressed as RSD was 1.3 % while the pooled average intermediate precision (intra-day repeatability in 3 days) of 3 replicates ...

  • A brief introduction to DiatoSorb-W

    DiatoSorb-W is a diatomaceous earth material that Restek will sell in bulk and in packed columns, uncoated and coated (with a liquid phase of your choice), which will replace Chromosorb-W packings. For those of you who may not know, the “W” stands for “white”, and is simply the color of the untreated, uncoated material. If your method references USP S1A, or Chromosorb-W/AW ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Tips to maintain your HPLC & UHPLC systems and columns

    Recently, Ade Kujore (Cecil Instruments), Tracie Brombos (GenTech Scientific) and I were asked by Angelo De Palma, a well-respected writer for Lab Manager magazine, to contribute to an article about maintaining and caring about your laboratory instruments. Here are my tips/best practices for column and HPLC/UHPC/UPLC system maintenance. Maintaining your ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Glyphosate and AMPA in drinking water

    Carcinogenic or not? The broad-spectrum herbicide glyphosate is used all over the world in agriculture. Alongside farming, the chemical is also used for weed-killing in domestic gardens and in public and private spaces kept free from «vegetal invasion», such as railway tracks. Glyphosate has been used since the 1970s in pesticides and was hitherto thought to be harmless at ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Comparison of simple ozonation and direct hydrogen peroxide processes in TNT removal from aqueous solution

    Oxidation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) using simple ozonation and direct hydrogen peroxide was studied. An analytical method based on the HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) system was used for TNT detection. The influence of parameters such as pH of the solution (3–10), initial TNT concentration (10–100 mg/L), dosage of ozone (0.2–1 g/hr), H2O2/TNT molar ratio (250–1,000), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microwave synthesis of pure and doped cerium (IV) oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles for methylene blue degradation

    Cerium (IV) oxide (CeO2), samarium (Sm) and gadolinium (Gd) doped CeO2 nanoparticles were prepared using microwave technique. The effect of microwave irradiation time, microwave power and pH of the starting solution on the structure and crystallite size were investigated. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized using X-ray diffraction, FT-Raman spectroscopy, and transmission ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is the pressure limit for my LC column?

    This is a question we get in Tech Services fairly often.  Unfortunately, we are not able to provide a published limit for every column that we produce, but here are a few of them that we have specified: For 3 and 5 um fully porous particle ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Cosmetics Safety Testing: A Path to Data Integrity and Traceability

    Did you happen to see the discourse about Cosmetics Regulations last week in the news media? The New York Times published a news article (August 15, 2016) by Eric Lipton and Rachel Abrams entitled: “ ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Is Microflow LC a Reality or Perception?

    Microflow or nanoflow chromatography has been used mostly in the academic and fundamental research environment in the past for its various advantages over analytical liquid chromatography, but rarely in the industrial settings. This is most likely because many of us believe it is a pain-in-the-neck technique to perform! But is this a reality or just a ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • The Advantages of a Targeted 2D LC Approach

    Webinar Highlights | Focus on the Relevant: The Advantages of a Targeted 2D Chromatography Approach Hi folks, I’m Daniel Root, Senior Product Marketing Manager for Multidimensional LC Systems at Waters. I recently conducted a webinar that addressed multidimensional liquid chromatography – an exceptional tool for the improvement of characterization and separation of ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Method Scaling in Preparative HPLC: Analytical Method & Preparative Method

    VOC:  “I tried to scale up my analytical HPLC method to prep and it didn’t work.” Andy:  This is one of the most common things we hear from chemists wanting to do preparative chromatography. We also hear the following question pretty often too: VOC:  “I have a good analytical HPLC method, how do I scale it to ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Enhanced separation of hop oils by flow-modulated GC×GC–TOF MS with Tandem Ionisation

    Beer contains hundreds of organic ingredients, with concentrations spanning many orders of magnitude, and including monoterpenes (C10) and sesquiterpenes (C15). These are aroma-active hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of various plants, including hops, and provide much of the characteristic ‘bitterness’ of the finished beer. Of the greatest importance for beer is the ...


    By SepSolve Analytical

  • What is microflow?

    What are the differences between micro-scale and conventional LC? Microflow (aka micro-scale) LC/MS has been widely applied to proteomic research for years.  Recently, as microflow LCMS systems continue to evolve, more and more laboratories in various fields are weighing the implications of applying this small-is-beautiful technology. In this and my next two blog posts, ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • In Beverly, the Shoe Fits for Bioanalysis!

    This past May, many of the nation’s leading bioanalysts gathered in New England to share ideas and explore the latest advances in mass spectrometry, liquid chromatography, and sample preparation for large molecule quantification. At Waters’ semi-annual bioanalysis workshop, scientists from across the U.S. trained on the latest mass spectrometry instrumentation at our demonstration ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Binary vs Quaternary Pumps

    How is a Gradient Created? Any liquid chromatograph is an amalgamation of a certain set of components that delivers to the scientist a monograph of the sample they are analyzing.  Traditionally, an LC system consists of a pump, an injector, a column heater, a detector and even more commonly these days a mass spectrometer or mass detector.  In ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Sorption and toxicity reduction of pharmaceutically active compounds and endocrine disrupting chemicals in the presence of colloidal humic acid

    This study investigated the toxicity changes and sorption of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupters in the presence of humic acid (HA). For the sorption experiment, a dead end filtration (DEF) system was used to separate bound and free-form target compounds. An algae growth inhibition test and E-screen assay were conducted to estimate the toxic effect of pharmaceutically active compounds ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Yes, You Can Pick the Right TLC Plate – Part I

    “I’d like a box of TLC plates, please.” Sounds innocent enough, right? But when you have more than 500 plate options, things get a whole lot trickier. How do you dig through the layers (pun intended) to get the plates you need? TLC plates come in lots of fun forms and sizes—at least we think they’re fun! You can differentiate TLC plates by: Adsorbent material ...


    By iChromatography/Analtech

  • Out with the old, in with the new…

    We’re all familiar with the adage, “Out with the old, in with the new,” but we probably tend to think of it as it applies to clothes for donation or past relationships, and maybe not in terms of updating our old laboratory equipment. After attending my first WCBP conference, held in Washington, D.C. during January, and hearing life cycle management and ICH Q12 being discussed ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Mass Spectrometry Makes Cents for UC San Diego Clinical Laboratory

    “Fast is fine; but accuracy is everything.” The quote is attributed to the famous Wyatt Earp, a sharpshooter and lawman who, with help from his two brothers, sent three outlaws to their graves in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona in 1881. One hundred ...


    By Waters Corporation

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