Gas Flow Monitoring Articles

  • Minute Flow Tip Video - Mass Flow Versus Volumetric Flow Technology

    When engineers and systems integrators need to measure gas flow rate in an industrial process or scientific research, there are many types of technologies to choose from.  This makes selecting the right gas flow meter a challenge. In addition to technology, engineers must consider many other parameters: price for value, cost of ownership, size of footprint, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Artificial intelligence based model for optimization of COD removal efficiency of an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor in the saline wastewater treatment

    The complex non-linear behavior presented in the biological treatment of wastewater requires an accurate model to predict the system performance. This study evaluates the effectiveness of an artificial intelligence (AI) model, based on the combination of artificial neural networks (ANNs) and genetic algorithms (GAs), to find the optimum performance of an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tech Note: Flare Gas Measurement Innovation; Retain Flow Metering Accuracy Even if Gas Composition Changes

    It’s a fact oil wells almost always produce natural gas along with the petroleum. Nine times out of ten, the excess gas (typically hydrocarbons) is flared off or simply vented as-is during upset conditions in the process. The environmental impacts of “flaring” this excess gas into our atmosphere has resulted in government regulations like 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart OOOO (also ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Direct Mass Flow or Volumetric: The Thermal Flow Meter Technology Advantage!

    In today’s world where everyone is watching the bottom line, you need high performance, cost-effective instrumentation—and capillary thermal mass flow meters and controllers have been proven to meet this criteria in a wide range of process applications. Thermal mass flow technology is an industry standard for mass flow control of gases because it measures flow directly, at the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Case study - HOTAB, Norway

    Hotab chose Envibat’s flue gas condensation in its boiler plant, delivered to Statkraft , Sandefjord in Norway. The plant is built on lamella technology providing a compact design while performing good temperature efficiency. Boiler size: 2×4 MW Fuel: Biofuel Envibat has supplied a condensor for Air Pollution Control for flow gases ...


    By Envibat AB

  • Holcim Ste. Genevieve Cement Plant - Case Study

    Big and beautiful The new cement manufacturing facility of Holcim (US) at Ste. Genevieve with a production capacity of four million tonnes per year went on stream mid-2009 and is one of the most environmentally-efficient cement plants in the Holcim Group. It is 40 percent more energy-efficient than the Holcim (US) plants that were closed in 2009 and emits 10 to 25 percent less ...

  • One step, low pH iron and organics removal - Case Study

    Review For over seven years, the semiconductor facility performed routine on-site cleans of their reverse osmosis (RO) membranes using RoClean P111 with good results. However, over a six month period in 2015, membrane cleaning frequency increased to once a month and permeate flows could not be sufficiently restored. An Avista application specialist visited the site to personally monitor the ...


    By Avista Technologies

  • Primary Standard Gas Flow Calibration—The Only Guarantee of Accuracy

    At Sierra, we have a saying: “An instrument’s accuracy is only as good as its calibration.” The accuracy of your mass flow controller (MFC) is essential in assuring the efficiency, performance, and quality of your flow meter. In many cases, if your instrumentation is not calibrated, then a decline in performance is possible due to ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Gas Mass Flow Control: Why Thermal Mass Flow Technology is Recommended for Best Accuracy!

    It’s no secret. Price, but perhaps more importantly, performance, drive every new product acquisition you make.  How important is measurement accuracy and control to your lab experiment or industrial process? It’s critical.  If your flow readings are off or the flow is not controlled with precise accuracy your research is compromised, product quality suffers, and processes ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Recapping the Debate Over Whether Low-Carbon Economies Are Good for Tech

    To be of any use, tech products need power from electrical outlets, stored chemical energy such as batteries and generators, solar collectors, kinetic energy like my emergency hand-crank radio/charger, or other means. As more global and local regions move away from fossil-fuel-based power to low-carbon renewable power, I wonder how my colleagues in the tech industry would weigh in on a debate ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Enhanced separation of hop oils by flow-modulated GC×GC–TOF MS with Tandem Ionisation

    Beer contains hundreds of organic ingredients, with concentrations spanning many orders of magnitude, and including monoterpenes (C10) and sesquiterpenes (C15). These are aroma-active hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of various plants, including hops, and provide much of the characteristic ‘bitterness’ of the finished beer. Of the greatest importance for beer is the ...


    By SepSolve Analytical

  • Detailed characterisation of essential oils by flow-modulated GC×GC and Tandem Ionisation mass spectrometry

    Volatile oils of plants, also known as essential oils, have been used for many years for their flavour, fragrance and medicinal properties. However, their extreme complexity and diversity presents analysts with a significant challenge when it comes to quality control. They are generally composed of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, as well as their oxygenated derivatives, such as aliphatic ...


    By SepSolve Analytical

  • Eliminate Degassing When Measuring Viscosity of Compressor Oils

    Compressor oils can create unique challenges when trying to measure viscosity. Dissolved gases from refrigerants, in particular, tend to bubble out when these oils are measured using traditional viscometers. This can create errors in the measurement, typically causing readings to be much lower than they should be. One way to get around this problem is to allow the oil ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Providing Precision Flow Control Solutions for Critical Biomolecular Research

    When scientists at the University of Nottingham’s Centre for Biomolecular Sciences (CBS) in the United Kingdom needed instrumentation to control the flow of gases in their research, they turned to Litre Meter, a UK distributor for Sierra Instruments, and the SmartTrak 100 series mass flow meters and ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • The Challenge AER-200 Respirqmeter System for anaerobic applications

    The CHALLENGE AER-200 Respirometer System consists of one or more biological reaction vessels, gas flow measuring cells, and a computer. The gas measuring base contains eight flow cells and associated interconnecting circuitry. As gas flows through each cell under the influence of a slight pressure caused by gas production in the reaction vessel, bubbles of a fixed volume are formed in the lower ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Measuring and interpreting gas flow from landfill boreholes case study

    Current landfill gas measurement practice for measuring the gas composition is well understood, and there are standard procedures and instruments available to analyse the gas. It is also current recognised practice to measure the gas 'flow' from boreholes to monitor the production of gas in a landfill site. If care is taken to make the measurement in the same way each time, changes in the ...


    By Geotech

  • Groundwater: Low-flow Purging and Sampling

    Significant timesavings, improved sample process integrity, quality assurance and minimal quantities of potentially contaminated purge water to manage - are attractive as the focus on groundwater quality sharpens and economics demand best cost-benefit based methods Water has become a vitally important resource.  Maintaining its quality and quantity and avoiding pollution are set to be ...


    By Geotech

  • Case study - N°NG1 – Natural gas monitoring – Medor Exp

    Context & Challenges Natural gas used for household consumption typically contains odorant sulfur components for safety reasons. As natural gas is normally odorless, the sulfur components are artificially added. When natural gas is transported between various companies, regions or countries, gas companies have to verify that the sulfur species are present as specified. ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • Eionet priority data flows, May 2014 - April 2015

    Overall approach for scoring The evaluation of the overall country performance is based on simple scoring rules: for each data flow, the maximum score is 3 points and the minimum score is – 1 point (see the detailed evaluation criteria on pages 8–17 in this report). Scores from all priority data flow areas are summed up for each country and then expressed as a percentage of ...

  • Coop Mineraloel Profits from Integrated Solution with OpenTAS® and SAP® OGSD case study

    “With the introduction of SAP® and OpenTAS®, we have achieved a level of automation for the business processes that enables us to further pursue our growth within the gas station market.” This is the positive verdict of Walter Eberle, director of Coop Mineraloel AG (CMA) in Allschwill. CMA assigned Implico with the integration of all the logistical processes concerning the gas ...


    By Implico Group

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