Gas Flow Monitoring Articles

  • How an Ultrasonic Flow Meter Works

    An ultrasonic flow meter utilizes ultrasound to measure the velocity of a fluid and is used in a variety of fluid applications. Ultrasonic flowmeters are ideal for water and other liquids. Clamp-on ultrasonic flow meters achieve high accuracy at low and high flows, save time with no pipe cutting or process shutdown, and are not affected by external noise. Here’s how ultrasonic flow ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • How Does a Water Flow Meter Work?

    A water flow meter is a device that measures the amount of water flowing through a pipe. There are several water flow meter technologies to choose from depending on the water measurement application, maintenance requirements, and budgetary terms.  Each of these types of water flow meters has a unique principle of operation, specific application benefits, and overall ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • How Does a Water Flow Meter Work?

    A flow meter works by measuring the amount of a gas, liquid or steam that passes through or around the flow meter sensors. While flow meter sensors work in many different ways, the end goal is the same: Deliver the most accurate and repeatable flow measurements for the specific application, whether for general research, process control or semiconductor processing. Flow meters measure either mass ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Preventable Mistakes with Vortex Flow Meters

    Vortex flow meter technology is an ideal technology for many applications particularly saturated and supersaturated steam, volumetric water applications as well as flow energy management (natural gas, compressed air, steam, water) in facilities and large campuses. In some of these applications, vortex installations can be tricky and take flow expertise for the most successful installations. Kam ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • In safe hands with Rotork

    Satisfying the flow control demands of the Oil and Gas industry with reliable and innovative actuation solutions has been one of Rotork's major achievements throughout its 60 year history. In addition to the manufacture of electric, pneumatic, hydraulic and electro-hydraulic actuators, instrumentation, valve gearboxes and valve accessories for new plants, Rotork has also gained ...


    By Rotork plc

  • VIDEO: Mass Flow Meters for Power Plant Applications

    Generating electricity in a natural gas power plant is a complex process due to the multiple steps involved with the different types of fluids being used and optimized. Dr. John Olin, Founder of Sierra Instruments, explains how thermal mass flow meters, vortex flow meters, and ultrasonic flow meters can improve the flow energy management in power plant ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • How to Supercharge the SmartTrak Mass Flow Controller with Compod

    Streamline, simplify and save time and money by plugging the innovative Compod upgrade into the face of any SmartTrak 100 mass flow meter or controller. SmartTrak is not only a true multi-gas digital mass flow controller, it can control your process too. ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Ozone mass transfer behaviors on physical and chemical absorption for hollow fiber membrane contactors

    To understand the mass transfer behaviors in hollow fiber membrane contactors, ozone fluxes affected by various conditions and membranes were investigated. For physical absorption, mass transfer rate increased with liquid velocity and the ozone concentration in the gas. Gas flow rate was little affected when the velocity was larger than the critical value, which was 6.1 × 10−3m/s in this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flow Tip Video: Learn Why Ease-of-Use is Critical for Flow Meter Selection

    Many times scientists and researchers spend more time setting up equipment and instrumentation for their experiments than conducting actual experiments to gather important data. This holds true for flow meters and controllers to measure and control gases to experiments. Some flow meters are very cumbersome with no display, can only measure one ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Minute Flow Tip Video - Mass Flow Versus Volumetric Flow Technology

    When engineers and systems integrators need to measure gas flow rate in an industrial process or scientific research, there are many types of technologies to choose from.  This makes selecting the right gas flow meter a challenge. In addition to technology, engineers must consider many other parameters: price for value, cost of ownership, size of footprint, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • [Minute Flow Tip Video] Mass Flow Versus Volumetric Flow Technology

    When engineers and systems integrators need to measure gas flow rate in an industrial process or scientific research, there are many types of technologies to choose from.  This makes selecting the right gas flow meter a challenge. In addition to technology, engineers must consider many other parameters: price for value, cost of ownership, size of footprint, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Overcoming Natural Gas Sampling Challenges in Oil & Gas Applications

    It is a fact that in order to comply with various government rules and regulations, oil and gas companies have to continually take natural gas samples to prove the gas composition and amount of gas flowing in their oil fields. The challenge comes in trying to actually take an adequate gas sample representative of the gas flow. First, engineers must carefully consider where the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Erratum: Water Science and Technology 75 (10), 2257–2267: Liquid-gas mass transfer at drop structures, Natércia Matias, Asbjørn Haaning Nielsen, Jes Vollertsen, Filipa Ferreira and José Saldanha Matos, doi: 10.2166/wst.2017.103

    Over the last decades, considerable progress has been made in the understanding of the sulfur cycle in sewer systems. In spite of a wealth of experimental and field studies that have addressed the release of hydrogen sulfide from free surface flows in gravity sewers and the corresponding air-water mass transfer, little is known about hydrogen sulfide emission under highly turbulent conditions ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Liquid-gas mass transfer at drop structures

    Over the last decades, considerable progress has been made in the understanding of the sulfur cycle in sewer systems. In spite of a wealth of experimental and field studies that have addressed the release of hydrogen sulfide from free surface flows in gravity sewers and the corresponding air-water mass transfer, little is known about hydrogen sulfide emission under highly turbulent conditions ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tech Note: Flare Gas Measurement Innovation; Retain Flow Metering Accuracy Even if Gas Composition Changes

    It’s a fact oil wells almost always produce natural gas along with the petroleum. Nine times out of ten, the excess gas (typically hydrocarbons) is flared off or simply vented as-is during upset conditions in the process. The environmental impacts of “flaring” this excess gas into our atmosphere has resulted in government regulations like 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart OOOO (also ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Direct Mass Flow or Volumetric: The Thermal Flow Meter Technology Advantage!

    In today’s world where everyone is watching the bottom line, you need high performance, cost-effective instrumentation—and capillary thermal mass flow meters and controllers have been proven to meet this criteria in a wide range of process applications. Thermal mass flow technology is an industry standard for mass flow control of gases because it measures flow directly, at the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • The ‘Swiss Army Knife’ of Mass Flow Controllers

    Did you ever wish your mass flow controller could do it all? You’re not alone. End users ranging from machine builders to laboratory researchers are often faced with the challenge of needing flow measurement and control equipment for a wide variety of applications. Many customers call the SmartTrak 100 mass flow ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Holcim Ste. Genevieve Cement Plant - Case Study

    Big and beautiful The new cement manufacturing facility of Holcim (US) at Ste. Genevieve with a production capacity of four million tonnes per year went on stream mid-2009 and is one of the most environmentally-efficient cement plants in the Holcim Group. It is 40 percent more energy-efficient than the Holcim (US) plants that were closed in 2009 and emits 10 to 25 percent less ...

  • One step, low pH iron and organics removal - Case Study

    Review For over seven years, the semiconductor facility performed routine on-site cleans of their reverse osmosis (RO) membranes using RoClean P111 with good results. However, over a six month period in 2015, membrane cleaning frequency increased to once a month and permeate flows could not be sufficiently restored. An Avista application specialist visited the site to personally monitor the ...


    By Avista Technologies

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