Monitoring Electrodes Articles

  • Membrane biofouling mitigation through applying electric potential in the CF016 cell

    Membrane filtration is an effective way to remove pollutants and microorganisms from water and wastewater. However, membrane fouling lowers efficiency over time when considering rejection values and water flux.  Fouling is typically biological or particulate; fouling rate is a function of the membrane pore size relative to the size of the foulants and also the interactions between the ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Electric treatment for hydrophilic ink deinking

    Hydrophilic inks have been widely used due to higher printing speed, competitive cost and being healthy non-organic solvents. However, they cause problems in both product quality and process runnability due to their hydrophilic surface wettability, strong negative surface charge and sub-micron size. Electric treatment was shown to be able to increase the ink sizes from 60 nm to 700 nm through ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Electrochemical oxidation of quinoline aqueous solution on β-PbO2 anode and the evolution of phytotoxicity on duckweed

    Electrochemical oxidation of quinoline on a β-PbO2 electrode modified with fluoride resin and the comprehensive toxicity of intermediates formed during oxidation on duckweed were investigated in detail. The results showed that quinoline was initially hydroxylated at the C-2 and C-8 positions by hydroxyl radicals (·OH) electro-generated on a β-PbO2 anode, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Electrochemically-assisted ammonia recovery from wastewater using a floating electrode

    This work presents and explores a novel methodology for the removal and recovery of ammonia from wastewater based upon two mechanisms: electrochemical oxidation and a previously unreported electrochemically-assisted surface transfer mechanism. Recovery of ammonia is enabled by placing a porous cathodic electrode at the wastewater-air interface. In this configuration, the cathode creates local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Monitoring underground water resources in Brazil

    Monitoring underground water resources in Brazil The Coca-Cola FENSA plant in Mogi das Cruzes is responsible for bottling mineral water supplied from two ground water sources. The plant is a benchmark for environmental sustainability projects. With this pioneer project the Mogi das Cruzes plant was the first of the Coca-Cola FENSA Group to install an online analysis monitoring, using ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Overview of Rotating Disc Electrode (RDE) Optical Emission Spectroscopy for In-Service Oil Analysis

    Introduction The basis of modern oil analysis is the use of optical emission spectroscopy (OES) to measure the ppm (parts per million) levels of wear metals, contaminants and additives in oil samples. Whatever else an oil lab may measure, a multi-elemental analysis is the core of in-service oil analysis. This paper gives an overview of Rotating Disc Electrode Elemental Spectroscopy and its ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Process optimization via response surface methodology in the treatment of metal working industry wastewater with electrocoagulation

    In this study, process parameters in chemical oxygen demand (COD) and turbidity removal from metal working industry (MWI) wastewater were optimized by electrocoagulation (EC) using aluminum, iron and steel electrodes. The effects of process variables on COD and turbidity were investigated by developing a mathematical model using central composite design method, which is one of the response ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Instrumentation and Operational Considerations for On-Line pH Measurement in Samples Below 10µS/cm Conductivity

    Ordinarily pH measurements are made in water with 1,000 to 10,000 µS/cm conductivity. The conductivity comes from dissolved solids which are typically salts but also acid or base. These dissolved substances are in the solution in ion form which makes such solutions conducting. With conductivities of 1,000 µS/ cm or more, an ample supply of mobile ions provides pH electrodes with a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Oxocarbon Salts for Fast Rechargeable Batteries

    Oxocarbon salts (M2(CO)n) prepared through one-pot proton exchange reactions with different metal ions (M=Li, Na, K) and frameworks (n=4, 5, 6) have been rationally designed and used as electrodes in rechargeable Li, Na, and K-ion batteries. The results show that M2(CO)5/M2(CO)6 salts can insert two or four metal ions ...


    By SusChem

  • Identification of Archeological Remnants

    Czorsztyn Castle, Poland 2D Electrical Imaging Objective Study area was within the ruins of the 14th century Czorsztyn Castle, located in the boundaries of Pieniny National Park (southern Poland). The main goal of this research was to check if one of the stone wall residues continues under the ground surface. Additionally, an attempt was ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Why You Should Replace Your Fluorescent T8 Bulbs

    Fluorescent light bulbs are, for many of us, an almost nostalgic part of life. From that crackling fluorescent tube above our old kitchen stove to the almost paralyzing white light that illuminated every corner of our classrooms and office building floors, fluorescent lights have been practically everywhere for the past 80 years. The first developments in arc tube lighting trace as far back as ...


    By Forest Lighting USA

  • pH/ORP Sensors for Metallurgical Applications

    Importance of pH Measurement Hydrometallurgical concentrating and refining applications require pH/ORP sensors to withstand aggressive environments while maintaining accurate measurement. Processes such as cyanide leaching (e.g gold) and solvent extraction (e.g. copper, nickel, zinc) require pH and ORP to be at very specific values to yield the desired chemical species. pH may need ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Simultaneous removal of Ni(II) and fluoride from a real flue gas desulfurization wastewater by electrocoagulation using Fe/C/Al electrode

    Large amounts of anions and heavy metals coexist in flue gas desulfurization (FGD) wastewater originating from coal-fired power plants, which cause serious environmental pollution. Electrocoagulation (EC) with Fe/C/Al hybrid electrodes was investigated for the separation of fluoride and nickel ions from a FGD wastewater. The study mainly focused on the technology parameters including anode ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Proposal of a framework for scale‐up life cycle inventory: A case of nanofibers for lithium iron phosphate cathode applications

    Environmental assessments are crucial for the management of the environmental impacts of a product in a rapidly developing world. The design phase creates opportunities acting on the environmental issues of products using life cycle assessment (LCA). However, it is hampered by a lack of information originating from distinct scales along the product or technology value chain. There are many ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Arsenic removal from groundwater using low-cost carbon composite electrodes for capacitive deionization

    Affordable carbon composite electrodes were developed to treat low-concentrated groundwater using capacitive deionization (CDI). A carbon slurry prepared using activated carbon powder (ACP), poly(vinylidene fluoride), and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone was employed as a casting solution to soak in a low-cost porous substrate. The surface morphology of the carbon composite electrodes was investigated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of clomazone herbicide from a synthetic effluent by electrocoagulation

    The aim of this work was to investigate the kinetics of removal of clomazone herbicide from an aqueous solution by electrocoagulation. The experiments were performed in a cylindrical batch reactor with six aluminum electrodes in monopolar mode, arranged in series and connected to a digital DC power. The aqueous solution (tap water + clomazone) with initial pH close to 7.9 was always treated at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Indianapolis, Indiana - CVOC remediation adjacent to occupied building with sheet pile electrodes - Case Study

    Standard Fixed Price Remediation of TCE and VC in soil and groundwater Project Summary TRS Group, Inc. (TRS) provided a Standard Fixed Price Remediation (SFPR) of trichioroethene (TCE) and vinyl chloride (VC) in soil and groundwater using Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) for AECOM at a confidential site located in Indianapolis, Indiana, Unique aspects of ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • How should I clean a pH electrode, or revive a damaged electrode?

    Traditional glass pH electrodes are very delicate and need regular care to keep them in good working order. If your electrode has been damaged by exposure to incompatible chemicals such as proteins, heavy metals or sulphides, you may be able to clean and revive it using specialized cleaning solutions… pH electrodes that have a single junction are particularly susceptible to damage, and can ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Buy Smarter – what questions should you ask when buying a pH meter?

    When you’re looking to buy a pH meter, whether it’s to start measuring or to replace an existing meter, the range of brands and specifications available is huge. With so many options it can be difficult to know where to start, but taking a little time to choose carefully could save you a lot of time and money overall by making sure the meter you choose is right for ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • How can I measure the pH of food?

    Measuring pH in food is a useful indicator of consistency over batches for quality control but can also be used to monitor foods where the pH changes over time – for example in yogurt production, brewing or to test the freshness of foods. Standard pH electrodes will often struggle when used in food samples, as the reference junction becomes blocked the reaction time will get slower and ...


    By Camlab Limited

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