Soil Mixing Articles

  • Defluoridation of groundwater using mixed Mukondeni clay soils

    Excess fluoride in drinking water is harmful to human health and therefore it needs to be removed from water before consumption. The potential of locally available mixed Mukondeni clay soils (MMCS) as a cheap adsorbent for the removal of fluoride from aqueous solution was investigated. Characterization of MMCS was done by X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application Study 0121x Former UST Site – Soil Mixing – Low Level

    SITE OVERVIEW Former UST Site, St. John’s, Az AZ DEQ Site Number: 0-000772 CONTAMINATION Gasoline contaminants in clayey soil HISTORY Leaking Underground Storage Tank (UST) had contaminated an area at the refueling location for the ...


    By EN Rx

  • Blending microbes demands gentle touch

    Environmental-restoration product manufacturer requires fast, uniform, gentle blending of powdered microbes, enzymes and nutrients The microbial formulations that United-Tech, Inc. produces are used to break down or detoxify a broad array of complex, often-toxic organic compounds, greasy spills and other contaminants in a variety of ...

  • Start up of Indonesian Cinnamon Plant employs screen classifying cutter, rotary mixer

    Starting up a new process plant can be a tricky business for any company, but when it is the first plant the company has ever built and the location is halfway around the world from equipment suppliers, the project can be daunting. So it was with ForesTrade, Inc., when it set about building Indonesia's first state-of-the-art organic cinnamon-processing plant and an associated essential oils plant ...

  • Deep soil mixing shoring system to construct a 60 MGD, 40 foot deep wastewater pumping station

    The City of San Mateo, CA operates three wastewater pumping stations on a 80' wide lot located in a residential area near San Francisco Bay. The age of the stations range from 12 to 50 years, the stations have difficulty pumping peak wet weather flows, and have structural and maintenance problems. For these reasons, a new station was proposed to replace the existing stations. The site layout is ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Installation of vertical barriers using deep soil mixing

    Introduction As contamination from liquid wastes and polluted groundwater continue to be a major environmental remediation topic, methods and applications for installing vertical barriers continue to evolve. The need to contain the pollutants to reduce their potential effects has broadened the scope of a vertical barrier. Greater depths than before are required as the contamination continues ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Shallow Soil Mixing - a case history

    Abstract Shallow Soil Mixing (SSM) is a sister technology to Deep Soil Mixing (DSM) developed to more economically improve soils within ten meters of the surface. SSM was recently utilized to provide a foundation for large effluent storage tanks as well as to contain foundation soils in the event of liquefaction from an earthquake. Two large storage tanks were required to be built ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Guidelines for specification writing for Deep Soil Mixing

    Abstract: Deep Soil Mixing (DSM) was recently introduced into the United States as a geotechnical and environmental construction method. Primarily, DSM is used for deep foundation improvements. With the onset of this new technology, the need for guidelines for specification writing and the interpretation of testing results arises. This need would include guidelines for specifying construction ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Site remediation using soil mixing techniques of a hazardous waste site: a case history

    Introduction At 2,400 beds, the $112.5 million Allegheny County Jail in Pittsburgh, PA, will be one of the nation's largest county jails. The disused downtown site chosen by the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh sits alongside the Monongahela River, adjacent to Liberty Bridge, on what was previously the old CSX Railroad facility. The southern edge of the site is bound by ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Insitu mixing of dry and slurried reagents in soil and sludge using shallow soil mixing

    Introduction Recent implementation for the Federal Hazardous Waste Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) to RCRA and USEPA's willingness to approve on-site treatment and/or containment has allowed in situ treatment methods to become viable options in site remediation. Shallow Soil Mixing (SSM) is one of several in situ mixing techniques now commercially available for use in on-site treatment of ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Deep soil mixing at the Jackson Lake Dam

    Abstract: The Jackson Lake Dam was constructed in 1917 in the Grand Teton National Park near Jackson, Wyoming. The dam was a hydraulic fill placed on a natural alluvium and outwash foundation. The Bureau of Reclamation (Burec) determined that the dam and its foundation would be susceptible to liquefaction and failure during a potential earthquake; a series of contracts was let to remove and ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • In-situ stabilization using Shallow Soil Mixing and Deep Soil Mixing

    Of the currently emerging technologies for site remediation, one of the most attractive and economical is in-situ stabilization and/or in-situ fixation of contaminated soils by Shallow Soil Mixing (SSM) or Deep Soil Mixing (DSM). Actually, the soil mixing process is not new. It has been in use as a geotechnical construction process for over two decades. However, its use as a treatment for ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Essential Tips For Construction Equipment Cleaning

    Construction equipment cleaning is one of the most underestimated jobs in the construction industry. Cleaning of the construction equipment does not receive the due attention it deserves. Successful construction companies, though, ensure that construction equipment are cleaned thoroughly and professionally. The managers of these companies know that efficient and long lasting machines are ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • A forensic study at an abandoned service station along the New Jersey shore: How the mixed leads can help

    In the late 1990s, a real estate developer purchased an abandoned service station at a sheriff’s sale. The site was located on the barrier island near Atlantic City, New Jersey. The service station had been owned previously by an independent operator. That owner purchased the property from a major oil company in 1983. Our client, the real estate developer, never operated the service ...


    By Triassic Technology, Inc.

  • Soil Mixing Oxidation at a Former Manufacturing Facility (ISOTEC Case Study 65) - Former Manufacturing Facility, Northern, WI

    ·   Former Manufacturing Facility; Northern Wisconsin. Contaminants of Concern ·   TCE soil levels as high as 140,000 ug/kg. ...

  • Detection of carbaryl in soil

    MATRIX: Soil ANALYTE: Carbaryl RANGE OF DETECTION: 40 to 500 ppb MATERIALS: SDI Carbaryl RaPID AssayÒ kit and Sample Diluent. SDI RaPID PrepÔ Soil Collection Kit (optional). SDI RaPID PrepÔ Extraction Kit: Type II (extraction solution, optional) Reagents: Methanol (pesticide grade), distilled or ...


  • Detection of chlorpyrifos in soil

    MATRIX: Soil ANALYTES: Chlorpyrifos RANGE OF DETECTION: Chlorpyrifos: 10-500 ppb MATERIALS: Chlorpyrifos RaPID AssayÒ Kit and Sample Diluent. Methanol (pesticide grade). Sample Extraction Kit (call SDI for details0. SAMPLE PREPARATION: Allow frozen samples to thaw. Break up large ...


  • Detection of 2,4-D in soil

    MATRIX: Soil ANALYTES: 2,4-D RANGE OF DETECTION: 150 ppb to 7.5 ppm MATERIALS: 2,4-D RaPID AssayÒ Kit and Sample Diluent Reagents: methanol (pesticide grade), distilled or deionized water, glacial acetic acid. Equipment: reciprocating shaker, plastic bottles (polypropylene or high density polyethylene, 50 or 60 mL) ...


  • Detection of captan in soil

    MATRIX: Soil ANALYTE: Captan RANGE OF DETECTION: 8 to 300 ppm MATERIALS: Captan RaPID Assay, Kit and Sample Diluent. Reagents: acetone (pesticide grade) Equipment: reciprocating shaker, plastic bottles (polypropylene or high density polyethylene, 50 or 60 mL) with plastic lined screw caps, filtration apparatus (funnel and ...


  • Detection of carbendazim in soil

    MATRIX: Soil ANALYTE: Carbendazim, a metabolite of benomyl RANGE OF DETECTION: 37.5 to 750 ppb MATERIALS: Benomyl/Carbendazim RaPID Assay kit and Sample Diluent Reagents: methanol (pesticide grade), sodium hydroxide (ACS grade), distilled or deionized water. Equipment: reciprocating shaker, plastic bottles ...


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