Solar Desalination Articles

  • Application of adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) for modeling solar still productivity

    Climate change is a major challenge to humankind. Solar desalination is a strategic option for overcoming water scarcity as a result of climate change. Modeling of solar still productivity (SSP) plays a significant role in the success of a solar desalination project to optimize capital expenditures and maximize production. A solar still was used to desalinate seawater in this study. An ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhancing biodegradation and energy generation via roughened surface graphite electrode in microbial desalination cell

    The microbial desalination cell (MDC) is known as a newly developed technology for water and wastewater treatment. In this study, desalination rate, organic matter removal and energy production in the reactors with and without desalination function were compared. Herein, a new design of plain graphite called roughened surface graphite (RSG) was used as the anode electrode in both microbial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Artificial intelligence for predicting solar still production and comparison with stepwise regression under arid climate

    Forecasting the efficiency of solar still production (SSP) can reduce the capital risks involved in a solar desalination project. Solar desalination is an attractive method of water desalination and offers a more reliable water source. In this study, to estimate SSP, we employed the data obtained from experimental fieldwork. SSP is assumed to be a function of ambient temperature, relative ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Red Sea Water & Wastewater Company

    Proserve is currently involved in water desalination upgrade project in the red sea to increase the SWRO plant capacity from  500 M3/D to 1500 M3/D by utilizing 2 each PX 300 energy recovery devices. The purpose of the project is to increase plant capacity and reduce specific power consumption. The plant is currently consuming 6.2 KW/M3 and the target is to reach 2.8 KW/M3. The project is ...


    By ProServe Egypt

  • Experimental evaluation of a low pressure desalination system (NF-PV), without battery support, for application in sustainable agriculture in rural areas

    Desalination driven by solar energy represents an appealing solution for agricultural irrigation in remote areas. In this work, a desalination system based on a photovoltaic-powered nanofiltration (NF-PV) membrane is studied. The experimental work explored the effect of the influent concentration and solar radiation on permeate production, energy consumption, recovery rate and quality of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Technical and economic evaluation of an off-grid solar desalination system in Myanmar

    Myanmar is a unique country where the majority of the people live in rural areas, away from grid electricity and reliable water supplies. The penetration of grid electricity in rural areas is minimal and even then it is often erratic. This paper focuses on the challenges of transitioning from an electricity-poor country to a renewable energy based-economy augmented with photovoltaics (PV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sea Water Desalination - Technical Article

    Sea Water Desalination is a specific process involving molecular separation via membrane technology to reduce the dissolved salt and mineral content of sea water to a level suitable for human and animal consumption, commercial/industrial and irrigation uses. This process involves three water streams namely sea water as the intake source, Product / Permeate water of potable drinking water quality ...

  • Water scarcity and solar desalination systems in the Eastern Mediterranean region: a case of Northern Cyprus

    Water is definitely physically scarce in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and the Mediterranean region with less than 1000 m3/capita/year. Water scarcity in these regions is a function of both water supply and water demand as both applies in most of the countries. Using the Falkenmark indicator the Mediterranean region will see increased deterioration in the availability of renewable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water Supply Needs at Odds with Regional Demands to Lower Power Use

    The shoreline of the Red Sea is a dazzling destination for tourists and locals to experience the beach and enjoy marine activities. In Egypt, the shoreline sprawls from the Suez Canal in the north, down to the southern part of the country bordering Sudan. Though most of Egypt’s population has traditionally lived in the Cairo metro ...


    By Energy Recovery Inc

  • Workshop Report: Developing a Research Agenda for the Energy-Water Nexus

    The energy-water nexus has attracted public scrutiny because of the concerns about their interdependence and the possibility for cascading vulnerabilities from one system to the other. There are trends toward more water intensive energy, (such as biofuels, unconventional oil and gas production, and regulations driving more water consumption for thermoelectric power production) and more energy ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Knowledge resources on nuclear desalination in the INIS database: 1970–2010

    With potable water fast becoming a scarce commodity, a viable option largely accepted today is the use of seawater or brackish water for human consumption after the process of desalination. The process of desalination consumes a substantial amount of energy which becomes a detrimental factor. Considering the environment friendly factors of nuclear energy, it has been considered a better option as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Selection and economical evaluation of solar desalination technologies via DesalSolar software

    Worldwide projection indicated that in 2020 the situation of water resources in Iran reach to scarcity. Besides, global warming and energy crisis have forced countries to use renewable energy resources. Solar desalination technologies particularly in remote area of Iran could be a method to emancipate from this crisis. In this paper, all kind of desalination technologies were reviewed. Then, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The effect of intermittent operation on a wind-powered membrane system for brackish water desalination

    Renewable energy powered membrane systems that are directly-connected must take account of both the inherent fluctuations and the intermittency of the energy resource. In order to determine the effect of intermittent operation, a membrane system was tested with variables of (i) amplitude from 60 to 300 W and (ii) length of time with no power from 0.5 to 3 min. This was performed over one hour ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The role of ethics in water and food security: balancing utilitarian and intangible values

    In the past two decades, the world has experienced deep changes in terms of globalization of goods and people, the emergence of new economic powers, political turmoil, and a sustained growth of an increasingly urban global population. These and other factors have deep implications for global water and food security, and make discussion of ethical values – often implicit in global debates – more ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A joint power and desalination plant for Sinai and the Gaza Strip

    Desalination can be a cost-effective way to produce fresh water and possibly electricity. The Gaza Strip has had a complex hydro-political situation for many years. Gaza is bordered by the Mediterranean sea in the west, by Israel to the north and east and by Egypt in the south. Water and electricity consumption in the Gaza Strip is expected to increase in the future due to the increasing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The power efficiency of the Tajo-Segura transfer and desalination

    The origin of the water supply system of Tajo-Segura, in 1932, goes back to when it was the unique possible solution to the shortage of hydric resources in the Confederación Hidrográfica del Segura (CHS). Its energy consumption is not homogeneous; it could be bigger or smaller, depending on the different water destination. The energy cost average of water of the Tajo-Segura water supply system is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Thermal coupling system analysis of a nuclear desalination plant

    When a nuclear reactor is used to supply steam for a desalination plant, the method of coupling has a significant technical and economic impact. The exact method of coupling depends on the type of reactor and the type of desalination plant. As a part of Nuclear Desalination Demonstration Project (NDDP), BARC has successfully commissioned a 4500 m³/day multi-stage flash desalination plant coupled ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The role and importance of nuclear desalination

    Desalination needs energy and saline water as the process raw material. The desalination process where the needed energy is generated by nuclear sources and/or the saline water is supplied from a nuclear installation, such as cooling water from the power unit, is usually called nuclear desalination. Comparing nuclear desalination with alternative water sources in general and to nonnuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Naturally endowed oxide nanoparticles from carbon ash in Saudi Arabia

    Chemical analysis of carbon ash powder obtained from water desalination plants in Saudi Arabia has revealed that 84.3% of the ash is pure carbon while the remaining percentage is combinations of oxide materials, mainly silicon and aluminium. These oxides were extracted by sintering the ash powder at 900°C. Shape and size of the obtained oxide powder were determined by transmission electron ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Remote island dependant on R.O. desal units

    On June 15, 2006, President Bush has signed into law, as a National Monument, 1200 miles of islands now formerly known as the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve, making it the largest marine conservation area on Earth. For years, Lifestream Watersystems Inc.’s involvement with the area has been through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Hawaii and the hearty group of ...

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