Solar Desalination Articles

  • Seawater Desalination

    Seawater covers 71% of the planet surface and represents 97% of the world's water,and seawater has a lot of resources to be explored.Along with recycled wastewater, it is one of the few rainfall-independent water sources.However,in the current condition,seawater cannot be used directly because of the high salinity.To solve it,many methods of desalination are adopted. Desalination is a process ...


    By Horizon Water Co., Ltd.

  • Artificial intelligence for predicting solar still production and comparison with stepwise regression under arid climate

    Forecasting the efficiency of solar still production (SSP) can reduce the capital risks involved in a solar desalination project. Solar desalination is an attractive method of water desalination and offers a more reliable water source. In this study, to estimate SSP, we employed the data obtained from experimental fieldwork. SSP is assumed to be a function of ambient temperature, relative ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Red Sea Water & Wastewater Company

    Proserve is currently involved in water desalination upgrade project in the red sea to increase the SWRO plant capacity from  500 M3/D to 1500 M3/D by utilizing 2 each PX 300 energy recovery devices. The purpose of the project is to increase plant capacity and reduce specific power consumption. The plant is currently consuming 6.2 KW/M3 and the target is to reach 2.8 KW/M3. The project is ...


    By ProServe Egypt

  • Experimental evaluation of a low pressure desalination system (NF-PV), without battery support, for application in sustainable agriculture in rural areas

    Desalination driven by solar energy represents an appealing solution for agricultural irrigation in remote areas. In this work, a desalination system based on a photovoltaic-powered nanofiltration (NF-PV) membrane is studied. The experimental work explored the effect of the influent concentration and solar radiation on permeate production, energy consumption, recovery rate and quality of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seawater desalination with solar-energy-integrated vacuum membrane distillation system

    This study designed and tested a novel type of solar-energy-integrated vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) system for seawater desalination under actual environmental conditions in Wuhan, China. The system consists of eight parts: a seawater tank, solar collector, solar cooker, inclined VMD evaporator, circulating water vacuum pump, heat exchanger, fresh water tank, and brine tank. Natural ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Technical and economic evaluation of an off-grid solar desalination system in Myanmar

    Myanmar is a unique country where the majority of the people live in rural areas, away from grid electricity and reliable water supplies. The penetration of grid electricity in rural areas is minimal and even then it is often erratic. This paper focuses on the challenges of transitioning from an electricity-poor country to a renewable energy based-economy augmented with photovoltaics (PV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of forward osmosis membrane technology for oil sands process-affected water desalination

    The extraction process used to obtain bitumen from the oil sands produces large volumes of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW). As a newly emerging desalination technology, forward osmosis (FO) has shown great promise in saving electrical power requirements, increasing water recovery, and minimizing brine discharge. With the support of this funding, a FO system was constructed using a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sea Water Desalination - Technical Article

    Sea Water Desalination is a specific process involving molecular separation via membrane technology to reduce the dissolved salt and mineral content of sea water to a level suitable for human and animal consumption, commercial/industrial and irrigation uses. This process involves three water streams namely sea water as the intake source, Product / Permeate water of potable drinking water quality ...

  • Desalination gets a graphene boost

    Original story at MIT News Jeffrey Grossman applies new materials research to making desalination cheaper and more efficient. With the intensifying drought in California, the state has accelerated the construction of desalination plants. Yet due to high construction and operating costs, as ...

  • Greenhouse based desalination for brackish water management using bittern evaporative cooling technique

    The Arab region is characterized by arid and semi-arid conditions with very limited renewable water resources. Most of the surface water comes from transboundary streams and most of the groundwater resources are fossil in nature. Water quality degradation and excessive use of pesticides and herbicides in agriculture pose severe environmental and health risks. The underlying research is a joint ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Carlsbad Project - the largest desalination plant in the Western Hemisphere and a complete game changer for desalination in the US case study

    An award-winning desalination project for the San Diego County Water Authority (SDCWA) that will provide clean water to about 300,000 people and generate over $50m annually to the regional economy. The plant overcame significant practical, regulatory and economic hurdles to deliver a cost effective and environmentally friendly water supply. IDE and its partners worked for more than 10 years ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Sarlux project - a showcase MVC plant for the desalination industry case study

    The Sarlux Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) plant is the second largest in Europe and converts heavy oils (tar) into electricity, which is then fed into the Italian State Grid. A reliable and stable source of high purity, de-aerated water was needed to operate the largest Mechanical Vapor Compression (MVC) plant efficiently. IDE’s MVC solution has a remarkable record for simple ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Water scarcity and solar desalination systems in the Eastern Mediterranean region: a case of Northern Cyprus

    Water is definitely physically scarce in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and the Mediterranean region with less than 1000 m3/capita/year. Water scarcity in these regions is a function of both water supply and water demand as both applies in most of the countries. Using the Falkenmark indicator the Mediterranean region will see increased deterioration in the availability of renewable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water Supply Needs at Odds with Regional Demands to Lower Power Use

    The shoreline of the Red Sea is a dazzling destination for tourists and locals to experience the beach and enjoy marine activities. In Egypt, the shoreline sprawls from the Suez Canal in the north, down to the southern part of the country bordering Sudan. Though most of Egypt’s population has traditionally lived in the Cairo metro ...


    By Energy Recovery Inc

  • Water and energy futures for Melbourne: implications of land use, water use, and water supply strategy

    This paper quantifies the effect of three policy levels on the water and energy futures of Melbourne, Australia. During a time of severe water shortages attributed to climate change, water strategies lacked consideration of energy consequences. Modeling, guided by urban metabolism theory, demonstrated that a compact urban form, reduced water consumption by 90 GL/a, compared with a sprawling ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Our New Pump Ranges Address the Needs of the Desalination Market

    Antonio de la Torre is Head of the Engineered Water segment in the Water business unit of Pumps Equipment. He explains the advances in desalination technology and talks about new products and ideas for the future. Today, more than two-thirds of the newly installed desalination capacity worldwide is based on reverse osmosis technology. Why are customers increasingly choosing this ...


    By Sulzer Management Ltd

  • Workshop Report: Developing a Research Agenda for the Energy-Water Nexus

    The energy-water nexus has attracted public scrutiny because of the concerns about their interdependence and the possibility for cascading vulnerabilities from one system to the other. There are trends toward more water intensive energy, (such as biofuels, unconventional oil and gas production, and regulations driving more water consumption for thermoelectric power production) and more energy ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wave of CSP activity across the MENA region

    Looking beyond Saudi Arabia, the CSP Today Global Tracker highlighted a number of updates made this week that demonstrate the progression of the concentrated solar power industry in MENA. While attention has focused heavily on the Saudi Arabian solar opportunity, it should not be forgotten that there are a number of pipelines now opening for CSP companies in the Middle East.  The ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Knowledge resources on nuclear desalination in the INIS database: 1970–2010

    With potable water fast becoming a scarce commodity, a viable option largely accepted today is the use of seawater or brackish water for human consumption after the process of desalination. The process of desalination consumes a substantial amount of energy which becomes a detrimental factor. Considering the environment friendly factors of nuclear energy, it has been considered a better option as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Selection and economical evaluation of solar desalination technologies via DesalSolar software

    Worldwide projection indicated that in 2020 the situation of water resources in Iran reach to scarcity. Besides, global warming and energy crisis have forced countries to use renewable energy resources. Solar desalination technologies particularly in remote area of Iran could be a method to emancipate from this crisis. In this paper, all kind of desalination technologies were reviewed. Then, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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