Solar Desalination Articles

  • Technical and economic evaluation of an off-grid solar desalination system in Myanmar

    Myanmar is a unique country where the majority of the people live in rural areas, away from grid electricity and reliable water supplies. The penetration of grid electricity in rural areas is minimal and even then it is often erratic. This paper focuses on the challenges of transitioning from an electricity-poor country to a renewable energy based-economy augmented with photovoltaics (PV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of forward osmosis membrane technology for oil sands process-affected water desalination

    The extraction process used to obtain bitumen from the oil sands produces large volumes of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW). As a newly emerging desalination technology, forward osmosis (FO) has shown great promise in saving electrical power requirements, increasing water recovery, and minimizing brine discharge. With the support of this funding, a FO system was constructed using a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sea Water Desalination - Technical Article

    Sea Water Desalination is a specific process involving molecular separation via membrane technology to reduce the dissolved salt and mineral content of sea water to a level suitable for human and animal consumption, commercial/industrial and irrigation uses. This process involves three water streams namely sea water as the intake source, Product / Permeate water of potable drinking water quality ...

  • Desalination gets a graphene boost

    Original story at MIT News Jeffrey Grossman applies new materials research to making desalination cheaper and more efficient. With the intensifying drought in California, the state has accelerated the construction of desalination plants. Yet due to high construction and operating costs, as ...

  • Robust water quality controller for a reverse osmosis desalination system

    This paper presents two-degree-of-freedom (2-DOF) robust loop-shaping control methodology to stabilize a reverse osmosis (RO) desalination system operating under significant uncertainties, external disturbances and measurement noises, and to reduce product water cost. This method has the advantages that no information about the plant uncertainty is required and it can deal with external ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Greenhouse based desalination for brackish water management using bittern evaporative cooling technique

    The Arab region is characterized by arid and semi-arid conditions with very limited renewable water resources. Most of the surface water comes from transboundary streams and most of the groundwater resources are fossil in nature. Water quality degradation and excessive use of pesticides and herbicides in agriculture pose severe environmental and health risks. The underlying research is a joint ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Design challenges and operational experience of a mega med Seawater Desalination Plant in Tianjin

    Abstract This article is a continuation of the article "Sliding Pressure Turbine Integrated with Seawater Desalination Facility (MED)" [1] presented at the IDA 2011 World Congress. The previous article described a unique MED-TVC plant design that is able to integrate with a sliding pressure turbine to supply motive steam to a thermal desalination process. This turbine is part of the Tianjin ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Tianjin SDIC Project - China’s Largest Desalination Plant case study

    China’s SDIC (State Development and Investment Corporation) needed a reliable and sustainable supply of clean water near the Tianjin power plant, 200km northeast of Beijing. The plant provides high quality drinking water for the local population, as well as industrial boiler make up and process water for the power plant. IDE’s Multi-Effect ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Water Supply Needs at Odds with Regional Demands to Lower Power Use

    The shoreline of the Red Sea is a dazzling destination for tourists and locals to experience the beach and enjoy marine activities. In Egypt, the shoreline sprawls from the Suez Canal in the north, down to the southern part of the country bordering Sudan. Though most of Egypt’s population has traditionally lived in the Cairo metro ...


    By Energy Recovery Inc

  • Water and energy futures for Melbourne: implications of land use, water use, and water supply strategy

    This paper quantifies the effect of three policy levels on the water and energy futures of Melbourne, Australia. During a time of severe water shortages attributed to climate change, water strategies lacked consideration of energy consequences. Modeling, guided by urban metabolism theory, demonstrated that a compact urban form, reduced water consumption by 90 GL/a, compared with a sprawling ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Our New Pump Ranges Address the Needs of the Desalination Market

    Antonio de la Torre is Head of the Engineered Water segment in the Water business unit of Pumps Equipment. He explains the advances in desalination technology and talks about new products and ideas for the future. Today, more than two-thirds of the newly installed desalination capacity worldwide is based on reverse osmosis technology. Why are customers increasingly choosing this ...


    By Sulzer

  • Workshop Report: Developing a Research Agenda for the Energy-Water Nexus

    The energy-water nexus has attracted public scrutiny because of the concerns about their interdependence and the possibility for cascading vulnerabilities from one system to the other. There are trends toward more water intensive energy, (such as biofuels, unconventional oil and gas production, and regulations driving more water consumption for thermoelectric power production) and more energy ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wave of CSP activity across the MENA region

    Looking beyond Saudi Arabia, the CSP Today Global Tracker highlighted a number of updates made this week that demonstrate the progression of the concentrated solar power industry in MENA. While attention has focused heavily on the Saudi Arabian solar opportunity, it should not be forgotten that there are a number of pipelines now opening for CSP companies in the Middle East.  The ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Exergy analysis of geothermal electricity using the Kalina cycle

    The geothermal energy that is stored in the earth is so vast that could supply all the energy needed by humanity. The difficulty in tapping this energy lies in its diffusivity. The geothermal energy in regions near volcanoes is close to the surface and easy to use economically. In this paper a vapour dominated system will be examined. The electricity that is produced from such a system is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The effect of intermittent operation on a wind-powered membrane system for brackish water desalination

    Renewable energy powered membrane systems that are directly-connected must take account of both the inherent fluctuations and the intermittency of the energy resource. In order to determine the effect of intermittent operation, a membrane system was tested with variables of (i) amplitude from 60 to 300 W and (ii) length of time with no power from 0.5 to 3 min. This was performed over one hour ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The role of ethics in water and food security: balancing utilitarian and intangible values

    In the past two decades, the world has experienced deep changes in terms of globalization of goods and people, the emergence of new economic powers, political turmoil, and a sustained growth of an increasingly urban global population. These and other factors have deep implications for global water and food security, and make discussion of ethical values – often implicit in global debates – more ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A joint power and desalination plant for Sinai and the Gaza Strip

    Desalination can be a cost-effective way to produce fresh water and possibly electricity. The Gaza Strip has had a complex hydro-political situation for many years. Gaza is bordered by the Mediterranean sea in the west, by Israel to the north and east and by Egypt in the south. Water and electricity consumption in the Gaza Strip is expected to increase in the future due to the increasing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low energy/cost desalination: low dose and low mean ion resident time in concentrate stream of electro-dialysis reversal

    Species, dose, and mean ion resident time (MIRTc) in the concentrate of electro-dialysis reversal (EDR) desalination are analysed. In the classical EDR, dimensions, flow, and velocity of dilute and concentrate are equal; Langelier saturation index (LSI) and CaSO4 saturation are used to control the scaling and fouling processes in concentrate, as such LSI ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The power efficiency of the Tajo-Segura transfer and desalination

    The origin of the water supply system of Tajo-Segura, in 1932, goes back to when it was the unique possible solution to the shortage of hydric resources in the Confederación Hidrográfica del Segura (CHS). Its energy consumption is not homogeneous; it could be bigger or smaller, depending on the different water destination. The energy cost average of water of the Tajo-Segura water supply system is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High performance RO membranes for desalination and wastewater reclamation and their operation results

    Reverse osmosis (RO) membrane is one of the most powerful tools for solving the global water crisis, and is used in a variety of water treatment scenes such as drinking water purification, waste-water treatment, boiler feed water production, ultra pure water production for semiconductor industry, etc. The desired performance of RO membrane varies according to quality of feed water being treated, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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