Ammonia Control Articles

  • Ammonia recovery from landfill leachate using hydrophobic membrane contactors

    This article aims to evaluate membrane contactors capability to remove and recover ammonia from landfill leachate (LFL). A hydrophobic hollow fiber membrane module was used to achieve such purpose. A sulfuric acid diluted solution was used as extraction solution to speed up ammonia content removal. Several factors that have influence on ammonia removal and recovery capability such as ammonia ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Coke Plant Scrubber Water Case Study

    Challenge For the production of coke, volatile constituents of the coal —including water, coal-gas, and coal-tar— are driven off by baking in an airless furnace at temperatures as high as 2.000 °C. The flue gas goes through an ammonia-based scrubbing process. The resulting scrubber water contain small coal-tar and other organic particles (1-250 micron) that cause scaling in ...


    By akvola Technologies

  • Study on the diffusion coefficients for ammonia nitrogen and nitrite and nitrate in PVA gels

    In order to quantify the proliferation of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) gels in a matrix and optimize the performance of mass transfer, activated carbon (AC) and CaCO3 were selected as adding materials in this experiment. For the performance of mass transfer, the optimal conditions were analyzed using response surface method (RSM) considering the inter-correlated effects of the amount of AC and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mathematical models and bacterial communities for ammonia toxicity in mesophilic anaerobes not acclimated to high concentrations of ammonia

    In this study, we evaluated ammonia toxicity in mesophilic anaerobic digestion at various pH values and total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) concentrations. We performed anaerobic toxicity assays (ATAs) to evaluate the toxicity effects of TAN and pH on mesophilic anaerobic digestion. Modeling based on the results of the ATAs indicated that the specific methanogenic activity (SMA) decreased by 30% at a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ammonia nitrogen removal from acetylene purification wastewater from a PVC plant by struvite precipitation

    Acetylene purification wastewater (APW) usually contains high concentrations of ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N), which is generated during the production of acetylene in a polyvinylchloride manufacturing plant. In this study, a struvite precipitation method was selected to remove NH4-N from the APW. Laboratory-scale batch experiments were performed to investigate the effects of the initial APW ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pharmaceutical: Scrubber Eliminates Ethylene Oxide Case Study

    A contract sterilization service uses a single-stage scrubber to convert this hazardous gas to inert ethylene glycol. ETO Sterilization Inc. provides contract sterilization services for hundreds of northern New Jersey customers, concentrating on spices and herbs, cosmetic ingredients and medical supplies. Two of the largest ethylene oxide sterilization vessels in the world are in operation ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Chemical Industry: Ammonia Emergency Plan Calls on Packed Tower to Scrub Released Chemicals Case Study

    A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp’s Dover, OH. facility, byproducts of the paper industry are converted into usable specialty chemicals for cosmetics, adhesives and other industries. Crystallization is a process used intensively with ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Medical Industry: Scrubber Eliminates Ethylene Oxide Case Study

    A contract sterilization service uses a single-stage scrubber to convert this hazardous gas to inert ethylene glycol: ETO Sterilization Inc. provides contract sterilization services for hundreds of northern New Jersey customers, concentrating on spices and herbs, cosmetic ingredients and medical supplies. Two of the largest ethylene oxide sterilization vessels in the world are in operation ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Pulp & Paper: Ammonia Emergency Plan calls on Packed Tower Case Study

    A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp’s Dover, OH. facility, byproducts of the paper industry are converted into usable specialty chemicals for cosmetics, adhesives and other industries. Crystallization is a process used intensively ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Ammonia Vent Line Gas Detector

    The LPT-A Vent Line Ammonia Transmitter (P/N: LPT-A-VLT-NH3-S) is designed for continuous monitoring of ammonia levels in the vent lines of refrigeration systems caused by equipment failure or system over pressurization. Slow leaks of refrigerant can be costly over time and a dangerous situation could present itself if a high pressure release were to occur. The VLT provides continuous, ...

  • Potential of nitrous oxide recovery from an aerobic/oxic/anoxic SBR process

    A single sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with an operating mode of anaerobic/oxic/anoxic (A/O/A) was developed to determine a simpler process to recover nitrous oxide (N2O) from synthetic wastewater containing ammonia and glucose. This SBR system was initiated in A/O mode to implement nitritation (ammonia to nitrite) and then switched to A/O/A mode. Using measurements of the dissolved N2O ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen removal from raw landfill leachate by an algae–bacteria consortium

    A remediation system for the removal of nitrogen from landfill leachate by a mixed algae–bacteria culture was investigated. This system was designed to treat leachate with minimal inputs and maintenance requirements, and was operated as an open semi-batch reactor in an urban greenhouse. The results of this study showed a maximum nitrogen removal rate of 9.18 mg N/(L·day) and maximum biomass ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Kinetics of organic matter and ammonia removal in horizontal reed beds treating wastewater in Nepal

    In Nepal, both horizontal bed and vertical bed subsurface flow constructed wetlands have been used for wastewater treatment. However, these units were designed based on the empirical findings from other countries. The rational design criteria developed so far has some limitations as the performance of the units is sensitive to the behaviour of the microorganisms, climatic conditions and other ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effect of ammonia stress on nitrogen metabolism of Ceratophyllum demersum

    The objective of this paper was to determine the effect of total ammonia N concentration and pH on the N metabolism of Ceratophyllum demersum and to evaluate the stress caused by inorganic N enrichment in the water column on submersed macrophytes. In this experiment, pH values were carefully controlled to distinguish between the effects of un‐ionized NH3 and ionized NH4+. The results showed ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Ammonia and phenol removal in an internal-circulate sequencing batch airlift reactor

    An internal-circulate sequencing batch airlift reactor (IC-SBAR) has been developed to evaluate the efficiency of phenol and ammonia removal in treating synthetic wastewater. This study examined the effect of operation cycle on this system. Results showed that above 97.0% removal efficiencies of ammonia and phenol were achieved, which indicated that ammonia and phenol removals were not ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effects of different aeration modes on ammonia removal from sludge digester liquors in the nitritation–anammox process

    The aim of this study was to determine the impact of continuous and intermittent aeration on the rate of ammonia removal in the combined nitritation–anammox process. This process was run in two parallel sequencing batch reactors (SBRs), with a working volume V = 10 L, treating sludge digester liquors from the Gdansk (Poland) wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). The ammonia oxidizing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impressive test performance, Peter Minting WWT

    Abstract: Southern Water has bought a dozen in-situ ammonia monitors from Envitech, following a successful installation at Fullerton STW. Peter Minting looks at a possible way to cut lab ...


    By Envitech Ltd.

  • Stop metal losses in processes with Sulphide, Cyanide, Ammonia and Pressure Fluctuations

    Abstract Losses of metal are often traced to incorrect pH/ORP signals in floatation, leaching, extraction, electrolysis, and precipitation processes, aggravated by pressure changes. IC Controls a Canadian mining sensor manufacturer developed a new superior pH/ORP sensor that stops metal losses, reduces environmental footprint and contributes to sustainability. The cause of incorrect pH/ORP ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from biotrickling filters used for ammonia removal at livestock facilities

    Recently several manufacturers of nitrifying biotrickling filters for ammonia (NH3) removal at animal houses have started to add a denitrification step to the installation, aiming to reduce the amount of discharge water by conversion of NH3 to nitrogen gas (N2). The aim of this research was to quantify the possible formation of nitrous oxide (N2O), which is a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ammonia diffusion through Nalophan™ bags

    The aim of the work is to verify the diffusion rate of ammonia through the Nalophan™ film that constitutes the sampling bag, considering storage times ranging from 1 to 26 h. The ammonia decay over time was evaluated using gas-chromatography for the quantification of ammonia concentration inside the bag. The research assesses the roles of both of ammonia and water concentration gradients ...


    By IWA Publishing

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