Wet gas monitoring for refineries - Oil, Gas & Refineries

Thermal mass flow meters provide excellent measurement capabilities in dry gas flows. They have proven durability, accuracy, and repeatability. However, thermal flow meters are sensitive to liquid droplets in a wet gas stream. For a thermal flow meter to work accurately in a condensing gas environment, the probe must be placed far enough downstream so that the entrained water has condensed onto the pipe wall. In a very wet environment, any condensing liquid (commonly referred to as mist or fog) contacting the sensor probes causes a high reading due to the liquid vaporizing on the heated portion of the sensor. As a result of this deficiency, measurements with conventional thermal meters are largely ignored when moisture levels rise because there is no confidence that the measurements are true.

A sensor used to monitor the wet gas can provide an indicator to inefficiencies in digester, landfill, and combustion applications. In a recent project, Kurz engineers conducted a study to determine the optimum placement for anemometer flow probe sensors within a wet gas environment. The testing environment applies to all condensing gas applications.