Anemometers Articles

  • Metek Introduces the New Multi-Path Ultrasonic Anemometers

    Our news report about recent instrumentations or measurements of our customers which might be of special interest for other web site visitors. The reports are added on the fly whenever we have received such information. The experienced support is highly welcome and appreciated. Metek is proud to present the new members of the uSonic-family: The ultrasonic anemometers uSonic-3 Class A ...

  • A preliminary analysis of measurements from a near-field pollutants dispersion campaign in a stratified surface layer

    In order to study pollutants dispersion in a stably stratified surface layer at small scales, a pollutants dispersion field experiment programme is being conducted on the site SIRTA in the southern suburb of Paris. In a preliminary campaign held during the winter of 2012 with continuous gas releases, we had 12 ultrasonic anemometers measuring wind velocity and temperature at 10 Hz, and six ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Flow measurement technology comparison: GA5000 Vs Hot Wire Anemometer

    A typical landfill or contaminated land site under investigation will comprise of a suitable number of gas monitoring wells, with a planned series of monitoring visits.  The monitoring will include gas flow measurements, which together with methane and carbon dioxide concentrations will be used to calculate gas screening values (GSV) and hence allow the determination of whether any gas ...

  • Why Does the Non-Orthogonal Sonic Anemometer Underestimate

    The performance of non-orthogonal sonic anemometers has been the subject of much discussion in recent years.  It followed findings that they underestimated vertical winds and vertical heat fluxes by 10-15%.  For agricultural and forestry scientists who depended on them for their large-scale energy balance studies this was a bad surprise.  They had collected turbulence data from ...

  • Do you need to measure air flow?

    Look no further. This hot wire thermo-anemometer is ideal for low air velocity, volume, and temperature measurement. If your desired application involves ventilation surveying, the maintenance of air conditioning systems, or environmental monitoring, this product will meet your requirements and more. Record your measurements on a slim plug-in telescopic probe and download the data ...


    By ATP Instrumentation Ltd

  • Comparisons of models with data: effects of averaging time as indicated by sonic anemometer measurements

    For continuous sources, plots of predicted against observed gas concentrations often display considerable scatter. These differences are apparent even when the averaging times for the models and data match. Possible sources of error in the observations are shifts in direction of the mean wind or disturbance by intermediate- and large-scale eddies. Errors in predictions may arise from the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Estimation of the surface stress from the streamwise pressure gradient: The Kármán Integral Momentum Equation revisited

    A method is developed to estimate the stress at the surface in a portable wind tunnel for wind erosion studies. The boundary layer height and the pressure gradient are used in a simple expression from the Kármán Integral Momentum Equation. Values of friction velocity u * are within 10% of experimental values obtained through correlation techniques, including measurements of differential pressures ...


    By Springer

  • Effects of averaging time on predicted gas concentrations

    The potential consequences of a particular gaseous emission usually relate to a specific averaging time. However, the averaging time associated with gas monitoring data in the region of a discharge may differ from the averaging time implicit in a model employed to predict the concentration resulting from that emission. Tables of factors exist for taking account of such differences and recent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Some thoughts on in-situ flux measurement in the atmospheric surface layer

    Due to its complexity, the state of a turbulent atmosphere can only be described using statistical quantities such as means, variances, and covariances. Computation of these statistical quantities, particularly those of higher order, must be done with considerable care. This is particularly true if the statistics are used to depict heat and momentum fluxes. This note contains considerations that ...

  • A simple notch filter for removing high frequency noise in atmospheric measurements

    The experimenter occasionally encounters high-frequency (> 1 Hz) contamination in sonic anemometer data that adversely affects higher-order moment calculations. One has the option of applying a low-pass filter (either a simple, equally weighted moving average filter or any one of the sharper cut-off versions available today) to eliminate not only the unwanted frequency, but all frequencies ...

  • Another look at sonic thermometry

    Abstract. In this note we reassess the role of sonic thermometry in boundary-layer studies. The sonic temperature signal, when corrected for crosswind velocity contamination, very closely approximates the virtual temperature of air. This variable is needed for many boundary-layer calculations. We describe preliminary tests with a new sonic anemometer-thermometer that performs the velocity ...

  • Effects of spatial filtering, prefiltering, and aliasing in measurements from applied technologies` Sonic K-Probe

    The Applied Technologies' Inc. (ATI) K-probe measures wind components along three mutually orthogonal axes separated spatially from each other to minimize flow distortion errors. The sonic anemometer samples the wind at a 100-Hz rate but constructs 0.1-s (10-point) non-overlapping block averages to provide. a 10-Hz data train for internal processing. This digital prefiltering is designed to ...

  • Consequences of oversampling

    Oversampling is generally perceived as an inefficient practice because of the redundancy it creates in the data, but rarely is it considered detrimental. The resulting increase in bandwidth seldom if ever, provides new information, as the signal is often badly attenuated and not very useful above a certain frequency. The decision to oversample is often based on the assumption that no undue harm ...

  • Minimizing flow distortion errors in a sonic anemometer

    This paper describes a simple approach to minimizing probe-induced flow distortion errors in a three-axis sonic anemometer. By separating the three axes, mutual interference between the transducers and supports in the three arrays is reduced. Only a transducer shadow correction determined from wind tunnel tests is needed to obtain measurements that are virtually insensitive to probe orientation ...

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