Flow Monitoring Articles

  • Maintaining a pressure reducing valve: 5 things to check

    Like your car, your body and nearly every appliance you own, control valves require regular maintenance to continue working efficiently. However, due to budget and time constraints, we don’t always give our valves the TLC they need to perform at their best. Unfortunately, ignoring pressure reducing valves can mean serious ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Replacement of Defective EMF - Case Study

    Application Steel cast pipe with 700 mm diameter Full filled Existing EMF in pipeline defective Definition of tasks Cost-efficient installation of the new flow measurement Defective EMF should not be removed if possible (costs) No interruption of running processes ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • Automatic control valves: how to assess ACV applications

    As automation and computers claimed a foothold in the operation and control of reservoirs and elevated water tanks, the industry moved the valve control from mechanical automatic control valves (ACV) to actuated butterfly and ball valves. The primary reason? Actuators can be controlled by SCADA systems, which have been almost ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Case study - Discharge measurement deep within a cave

    Research is currently being conducted in the Hessenhau cave, located in southern Germany. The cave is the deepest known within the Swabian Alps at 144m (472 ft) and has a stream running through it that connects it to other caves within the area. Discharge measurements were taken in different parts of the cave with the OTT MF pro electromagnetic current meter. Reaching the bottom of the cave ...

  • Case study - Discharge measurement at the river

    Due to the seasonally strong weed growth and low flow during low water periods the measurement of water level and flow at the measurement site "Kleinraschuetz“ was rather distorted. It had to be corrected by putting in additional manpower for manual measurements. Therefore it was decided to modernize the station completely and to install a stationary discharge measuring system. The ...

  • Flow Rate Measurement in Full Pipes Using the Transit Time Method

    Particularly in large diameters the relevance of water volume measurement is growing. The challenge with cooling water or fresh water processes is to generate accurate flow recordings or to document and to control individual consumptions and withdrawal quantities. Flow detection, however, particularly in large diameters is highly demanding. In such cases the transit time measurement thanks to its ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • 10 Reasons why you should continuously monitor low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants for worker safety

    1. Sterilant chemicals are highly toxic Low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants are designed to kill all microorganisms including resistant spores and if they were not toxic, they would not be effective in sufficiently high concentration to destroy all microbial life including the chemically resistant sporicidal forms of certain ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • How a contract research lab advanced its polymer characterization capabilities

    Realizing the Advantages of Ultra-High-Performance Size Exclusion Chromatography Compared to GPC Intertek is a global provider of quality and safety services designed to help businesses improve products, assets and processes, overcome market constraints and reduce risks. From auditing and inspection, to testing, training, and certification, Intertek enables customers to meet end ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • How To Put Your Building on a Water Diet in 2017

    As you prepare for the new year, why not commit your building to the same resolution as millions of American men and women: a diet! Every year, millions of gallons of water, one of our most precious resources, is wasted through undetected leaks, over irrigation and faulty equipment. Since most building managers and owners only check usage when the bill comes, your water usage is likely to ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Controlling the Flow Capacity of a Metering Pump

    Since a metering pump is usually a positive displacement pump there are two possible ways of controlling the flow capacity. The first one is by adjusting the volume of liquid displaced per stroke of the pump and the second is by adjusting the speed of the strokes. I. Stroke Length – control the displacement volume per stroke II. Speed of Strokes per minute Stroke Length ...


    By Aquflow

  • Tech Note: Flare Gas Measurement Innovation; Retain Flow Metering Accuracy Even if Gas Composition Changes

    It’s a fact oil wells almost always produce natural gas along with the petroleum. Nine times out of ten, the excess gas (typically hydrocarbons) is flared off or simply vented as-is during upset conditions in the process. The environmental impacts of “flaring” this excess gas into our atmosphere has resulted in government regulations like 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart OOOO (also ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Leakage control of multi-source water distribution system by network partition and optimal pump schedule in China

    The main aim of an optimal schedule of conventional multi-source water distribution system is to reduce the energy consumption rather than minimizing the network leakage. This research is on the premise of meeting water demand, pressure and water quality considering the states of valve opening and closing, the states of pump opening and closing, and the pump speed as solution space. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cavitation Reactors

    By combining the developments in acoustics, hydrodynamics and chemical kinetics, a new promising device is entering the market: the cavitation reactors, used for processing of suspensions, emulsions and for intensification of chemical processes in solutions. These devices are can be used either separately (in laboratory test-benches) or in industrial mixing processes. In today’s market, two ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Safe Landings Whatever the Weather: Lufft Sensors on Airports

    Pilots, air traffic controllers and airport operators do their best to make air travel safer and more efficient. Sometimes, however, flight security depends on external factors we can hardly influence. This especially refers to risky weather conditions: Strong winds, icy cold or strong precipitation can have serious consequences. On average, 23% of all aircraft accidents and 68% of canceled ...

  • Modeling the effect of weather conditions on urban water demand in multiple network areas: a practical approach to improve monthly and seasonal operation

    The current paper is aimed at studying the influence of weather conditions on urban water consumption using available continuous flow measurements from existing district metered areas (DMA), belonging to different Portuguese water distribution systems. A three-step methodology was followed: Data processing; DMA segmentation in terms of billed consumption and socio-demographic characteristics; ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Direct Mass Flow or Volumetric: The Thermal Flow Meter Technology Advantage!

    In today’s world where everyone is watching the bottom line, you need high performance, cost-effective instrumentation—and capillary thermal mass flow meters and controllers have been proven to meet this criteria in a wide range of process applications. Thermal mass flow technology is an industry standard for mass flow control of gases because it measures flow directly, at the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • The ‘Swiss Army Knife’ of Mass Flow Controllers

    Did you ever wish your mass flow controller could do it all? You’re not alone. End users ranging from machine builders to laboratory researchers are often faced with the challenge of needing flow measurement and control equipment for a wide variety of applications. Many customers call the SmartTrak 100 mass flow ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Sensor Probe Insertion/Retractor Simplifies Installation of Steam Flow Meters in Hot Tapping Applications

    Accurately measuring fluid flows like steam in large ducts or pipes is a challenging application. Large ducts and pipes often have swirl or turbulent flow which makes accurate flow measurement difficult. Not to mention, installation of steam flow meters can be extremely challenging since in many cases you will need to shut off the steam flow to install the meter. This is just not ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Cemex plant Ruedersdorf - Case Study

    CEMEX Deutschland AG is one of the biggest producers of ready-mixed-concrete, cement and minerals. In Germany CEMEX employs a staff of approximately 3,200 people and is part of the International CEMEX Group with a head count of 50,000. After the German re-unification the Company acquired the existing cement plant in Ruedersdorf. Investments to save CEMEX invested ...

  • Vattenfall`s Cogeneration Power Plant Reuter West - Case Study

    The cogeneration power plant “Reuter West” was erected as a base load power plant in the vicinity of the existing “Reuter” plant. The two hard coal fired 300 MW units D and E were commissioned in 1987 and 1989. Today the cogeneration units supplying electricity and thermal energy are operated by Vattenfall Europe GmbH. The heart of each power plant is the boiler where the ...

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