Groundwater Resources Articles

  • Modelling spatio-temporal heterogeneities in groundwater quality in Ghana: a multivariate chemometric approach

    Chemometric techniques were applied to evaluate the spatial and temporal heterogeneities in groundwater quality data for approximately 740 goldmining and agriculture-intensive locations in Ghana. The strongest linear and monotonic relationships occurred between Mn and Fe. Sixty-nine per cent of total variance in the dataset was explained by four variance factors: physicochemical properties, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multi-criteria analysis of site selection for groundwater recharge with treated municipal wastewater

    Geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing techniques are used as a decision support system to identify potential soil aquifer treatment (SAT) sites for groundwater recharge of Kerman aquifer, which is located in the southeast of Iran. These sites are identified using a single-objective multi-criteria analysis. To ensure technical feasibility, environmental sustainability, social ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater level response to hydrogeological factors in a semi-arid basin of Beijing, China

    In this study, the mode of groundwater level fluctuations is analyzed by statistical approaches for 51 monitoring wells located in a semi-arid basin in Beijing from 1998 to 2013. Firstly, a geostatistical method was performed to characterize the spatial and temporal behaviors of data sets and analyze the responding mechanism of groundwater level to hydrologic features using the Geostatistics ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater and groundwater

    Nearly 25 percent of the population in the United States—in more than 25 million homes—disposes of wastewater through onsite, or unsewered, systems that return treated effluent to the ground. This is an important public health issue because many of those same homes use wells that rely on groundwater for the drinking water supply. With ...

  • Optimal location of artificial recharge of treated wastewater using fuzzy logic approach

    Increasing water demands in light of limited water resources have intensified exploitation and drawdown of groundwater. On the other hand, rising water demand has accelerated wastewater production. Therefore, urban wastewater management via artificial recharge may play a significant role in aquifer management. While site selection for artificial recharge projects is a major challenge, fuzzy ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • World Bank: groundwater management specialist

    The World Bank is currently looking for a senior water resources specialist specializing in groundwater management to join the South Asia water team. The World Bank’s regional portfolio is in South Asia comprises over $5 billion of lending, of which around half is for water supply and sanitation and half for water resource and irrigation projects and a strong focus in India. These projects ...


  • Prediction of the permeability-reducing effect of cement infiltration into sandy soils

    Univariate analysis on the permeability-reducing effects of cement infiltration into sandy soil was carried out using a series of experiments on sandy soil infiltrated by adding fine cement grains. The SPSS statistical analysis software was used on these experimental data to construct multivariate prediction models on the permeability-reducing effects of cement infiltration into sandy soils. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Spatial distribution of heavy metals in groundwaters and health risks associated in the Ntem watershed, Yaoundé, Cameroon

    The present study was aimed at bridging the gaps in the knowledge concerning heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Zn, Cu, Mn and Fe) concentrations in the groundwaters of the Ntem watershed in Yaoundé. Representative groundwater samples (25 numbers) were collected from five hand-dug wells, and their metal concentrations were assessed as per standard procedures, and deterministic interpolation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An approximate model on three-dimensional groundwater infiltration in sewer systems

    Groundwater infiltration through cracked sewer pipes has caused significant economic losses. This paper presents a three-dimensional analytical expression for calculating the steady-state groundwater infiltration rate into sewer systems. As an extension of the previously developed two-dimensional model by the author, this new model can be used to simulate the infiltration through an orifice ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Large Precipitation Events are Critical in Replenishing Groundwater Resources

    Large precipitation events that occur about every 10 years are a critical source of recharge for replenishing groundwater resources, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Bureau of Reclamation. Groundwater is a vital source of water in the western United States, and will be increasingly ...

  • Groundwater discharge downstream of an arid inland river in Northwestern China

    Nalenggele River is an inland river located in the arid, fragile ecological environment area in Northwestern China. Groundwater discharge to the river can significantly impact the ecologic environment in the Nalenggele River basin, but few hydrogeological studies have been conducted in the inland arid basin. In this paper, two sections were chosen to analyze the groundwater discharge in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydrological and environment tritium investigation to evaluate groundwater in capital territory of Pakistan

    The capital territory of Pakistan constitutes twin cities, Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Islamabad is the capital city, located at the foot of the Margallah Hills, whereas Rawalpindi lies in the Potohar Plateau. Both cities are located in the semi-arid region of Pakistan, where the residents meet their basic need of water through groundwater resources. For the last many years, the quantity and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Study offers first-ever map showing groundwater pollution of coastal areas of United States

    The study identified 12 percent of the continental U.S. coastline — including the northern Gulf Coast from Mississippi to the Florida Panhandle, northern Atlantic Coast, and Pacific Northwest — where the once-hidden drainage systems make the ocean most susceptible to freshwater contamination from septic tanks and fertilizer runoff. In contrast, another 9 ...

  • Assessing interactions between groundwater and surface water in a Pampean stream

    In the south of Córdoba (Argentina), groundwater from the unconfined aquifer, presents scarce suitability due to high values of salts, sulfates, arsenic and fluorides. This situation makes it necessary to explore other possibilities, for example, conjunctive use of groundwater and surface water. The objective of this work was to describe the dynamic and geochemical relationships between ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Three-phase approach to improve deep groundwater supply availability in the Elidar district of Afar region of Ethiopia

    This study provides new evidence on the effectiveness of a combined remote sensing and hydrogeological investigation method for deep groundwater development in complex geologic and geomorphologic situations in Ethiopia. The study was undertaken in the Elidar district of the Afar region of Northern Ethiopia. Due to the water availability and vegetation in this district, the majority of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is a Flood Risk Assessment?

    Flood Risk Assessments (FRA) are becoming a very important part of the planning permission process. It interlocks with other areas of the planning process, and could cause weeks or months of delays if not done from the beginning. But what is a Flood Risk Assessment? A Flood Risk Assessment is a series of tests that are carried out to assess the level of flood risk of a given location. The ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Haiti Groundwater Survey Project - Case Study

    We already have done over 230 survey sites with DC-4500 Ground-flow Locator in Haiti with 95% success rate since 2011. More than 230 water wells were drilled and most of seismoelectric surveys were performed in ...


    By Seismo Electronic LLC.

  • Beaver Dam Groundwater Survey Project, Utah - Case Study

    In May 2014, we conducted seismoelectric survey for Willowstick Technologies LLC in Beaver Dam area, Utah, USA. According to our client’s requirement, we designed 3 seismoelectric survey lines, with total 50 measurement stations. After data processing and interpretation, we located 3 layers of aquifers. The red layers are the top and bottom of the first aquifer; the green ones for the ...


    By Seismo Electronic LLC.

  • Case Study - Groundwater Discharge Permit - Plymouth, Massachusetts

    The process of obtaining a groundwater discharge permit for a subdivision scale septic absorption system was faciliated by using the advanced GIS features within EnviroInsite. Geologic features were downloaded and presented at the site scale along with the subdivision boundary and potential downgradient receptors. A cross-section was created showing the detailed soil descriptions, water levels ...


    By EI LLC

  • A critical review of groundwater utilization and management in China's inland water shortage areas

    Groundwater, as an important store of freshwater, plays a more critical role in sustaining the ecosystem and enhancing human adaptation to changing climate than surface water. In particular, it can store large volumes of water to naturally buffer the pressure of water shortage against seasonal changes in rainfall. However, groundwater itself is also vulnerable to climate change, showing a ...


    By IWA Publishing

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