Soil Monitoring Articles

  • How Not to Lose Cadmium While Measuring?

    Today cadmium finds a better usage than a hundred years ago. For example, metal cadmium plating is used for anticorrosion coatings that are more stable than zinc, nickel and tin-plated. Cadmium plating of steel parts gives greater resistance to corrosion, especially in sea water. About 20% of cadmium goes to the manufacture of cadmium electrodes used in ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Horizontal Well Rehabilitation at NASA Facility

    A horizontal groundwater extraction well at an active NASA facility in Louisiana was impacted by mineral scaling and bio-fouling affecting operations of the groundwater pump and the treatment system. A flow reduction of over 50% was observed. Directional Technologies, Inc. performed a series of horizontal well rehabilitation activities, that increases flow by 58%, which including mechanical ...

  • A smartphone camera for the structure from motion reconstruction for measuring soil surface variations and soil loss due to erosion

    The suitability of a smartphone camera for the structure from motion (SfM) reconstruction for monitoring variations in soil surface characteristics and soil loss originated by a low intensity erosive event was evaluated. Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) was used to validate the SfM model. Two surveys of the soil surface, one before and one after the rainfall event, were carried out for SfM and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of in situ DGT measurement with ex situ methods for predicting cadmium bioavailability in soils with combined pollution to biotas

    To assess the capabilities of the different techniques in predicting Cadmium (Cd) bioavailability in Cd-contaminated soils with the addition of Zn, one in situ technique (diffusive gradients in thin films; DGT) was compared with soil solution concentration and four widely used single-step extraction methods (acetic acid, EDTA, sodium acetate and CaCl2). Wheat and maize were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Thermally activated persulfate oxidation of NAPL chlorinated organic compounds: effect of soil composition on oxidant demand in different soil-persulfate systems

    This study investigates the interaction of persulfate with soil components and chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs), using thermally activated persulfate oxidation in three soil types: high sand content; high clay content; and paddy field soil. The effect of soil composition on the available oxidant demand and CVOC removal rate was evaluated. Results suggest that the treatment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling the impact of land use changes on river flows in Arror watershed, Elgeyo Marakwet County, Kenya

    Water scarcity has become a serious global problem. Therefore, there is an urgent need to understand land use changes in watershed areas and their impact on river flows. This study models the impact of land use changes on river flows in the Arror watershed in Elgeyo Marakwet County, Kenya. The primary study sources included remotely sensed and socio-economic data. Landsat 5 thematic mappers ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of Electromagnetic Induction Tools in salinity assessment/appraisals in eastern Colorado

    Abstract Electromagnetic induction (EMI) is a relatively low-cost and rapid method for measuring, assessing spatially soil salinity. The two studies were conducted to evaluate data obtained with a single-frequency (EM38 meter) and multi-frequency (GEM300 sensor) EMI instruments and to relate apparent conductivity measured by these instruments with the more conventional conductivity of the ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • Using Electromagnetic induction to characterize soils - Case Study

    Electrical conductivity measurements have been used for years to determine salinity and moisture in soils. Probes were inserted directly into the soil to determine how well the soil conducted an applied current. This process was slow and labor-intensive and was usually reserved for scientific studies. A more recent technique for measuring conductivity is electromagnetic induction (EM), a ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • GoForth, NC Case Study

    ABSTRACT Trap & Treat® BOS 200® was used to remediate petroleum hydrocarbon impacted groundwater within fractured bedrock and overburden soil at a former retail gasoline site in North Carolina. After a thorough remedial design characterization was completed, BOS 200® was surgically injected over two field events to successfully achieve the ...

  • Characterisation of septage in partially sealed cesspit

    The alteration of wastewater from an individual home under anaerobic conditions in a partially sealed cesspit over the filling period of four months, and the pollution fluxes were assessed. The septage was much more concentrated than raw wastewater. A mass balance found percentage (%) removal rates for biological oxygen demand (BOD5, 78%), chemical oxygen demand (COD, 62%), total nitrogen (TN, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Open data aims to boost food security prospects

    Rothamsted Research, a leading agricultural research institution, is attempting to make data from long-term experiments available to all. In partnership with a data consultancy, is it developing a method to make complex results accessible and useable. The institution is a member of the Godan Initiative that aims to make data available to the scientific community. In ...

  • Identification of groundwater contamination zone around a reclaimed landfill using carbon isotopes

    Chemical and isotopic analyses of groundwater from piezometers localized around a reclaimed landfill were performed in order to identify the boundaries of groundwater contamination zone. Spatial distribution of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) concentration and stable carbon isotopes in the groundwater was used to distinguish the piezometers localized within the contaminated aquifer. Background ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How To Complete A Soil Test The Right Way

    A soil test should be one of the first steps you take in your landscape plan. Many of us never take this important first step, which contributes, to wasted resources and wasted time. The U.S. Department of Agriculture says soil testing is an “essential” tool that provides information on fertility and pH. Testing also indicates ...


    By Jain Irrigation, Inc

  • Knowledge, attitudes and practices on use of Fossa Alternas and double vault urine diverting dry (DVUDD) latrines in Malawi

    Fossa Alternas and double vault urine diverting dry (DVUDD) latrines have been extensively promoted as ecological sanitation (EcoSan) latrine options in Malawi, but little is known about whether they are used properly. A qualitative study of EcoSan users was conducted in Blantyre and Chikwawa districts, Malawi. Data were collected using in-depth interviews (IDIs). Twenty-eight (28) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Should Your Sensor Have A Connector Or Pin Terminals?

    When it comes to measuring the activity of your project, it’s nice to have options. High precision sensors can offer plenty of selections from the range of your measurements to the output of your readings, but a sensor is only as good at its connection. Connectors and pin terminals are common and dependable connections that relay your readings from within the sensor to the screen in front ...


    By Jewell Instruments LLC

  • Environmental fate and behavior of acesulfame in laboratory experiments

    Acesulfame is a widely used artificial sweetener. It can be discharged into surface water by domestic wastewater due to its incomplete retention during wastewater treatment. Concentrations may reach up to 10 μg/L for smaller rivers. State-of-the-art analysis allows the determination of acesulfame traces (0.01 μg/L) and thus a potential tracking of the presence of wastewater in riverbank ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Defluoridation of groundwater using mixed Mukondeni clay soils

    Excess fluoride in drinking water is harmful to human health and therefore it needs to be removed from water before consumption. The potential of locally available mixed Mukondeni clay soils (MMCS) as a cheap adsorbent for the removal of fluoride from aqueous solution was investigated. Characterization of MMCS was done by X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable groundwater modeling using single- and multi-objective optimization algorithms

    This study presents the first attempt to link the multi-algorithm genetically adaptive search method (AMALGAM) with a groundwater model to define pumping rates within a well distributed set of Pareto solutions. The pumping rates along with three minimization objectives, i.e. minimizing shortage affected by the failure to supply, modified shortage index and minimization of extent of drawdown ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A laboratory experimental system for infiltration studies

    The investigation of a few hydrological processes under natural conditions can be distorted by their interactions. In this context, a laboratory system that allows a few mechanisms of the infiltration process to be studied univocally is presented. The core component of the system is a physical model consisting of a soil tank with slope angle, γ, adjustable from 1 ° to 15 °. A generator of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Phosphate treatment by onsite wastewater systems in nutrient-sensitive watersheds of North Carolina's Piedmont

    The goal of this study was to gain a better understanding of the PO4-P treatment efficiency of onsite wastewater systems (OWS) installed in nutrient-sensitive watersheds of the North Carolina Piedmont. Four OWS including two conventional and two single-pass sand filter (SF) systems were evaluated at sites with clay-rich soils. Piezometers were installed near all of the OWS, and down-gradient ...


    By IWA Publishing

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