Conductivity Monitoring Articles

  • Tech Tip: Deploying Sea-Bird CTD in Ice

    Large numbers of Sea-Bird conductivity instruments have been used in Arctic and Antarctic programs. Special accommodation to keep temperature, conductivity, oxygen, and optical sensors at or above 0° C is advised. Often, the CTD is brought inside protective doors between casts to achieve this. Conductivity Cell When freezing is possible, we ...

  • Mapping sedimentation features in an alluvial valley

    Sediments of the Rhone river are characterized by strong heterogeneity between clay, sand and gravel units. To map these units, we employed an electromagnetic instrument (DualEM421). This instrument das the advantage that no contact to the ground is required and it can be carried on foot. With the interpreted data it was possible to map different geologic units to a depth of up to 4.5m. ...


    By Geo2X

  • New MANTECH Turbidity Flow Cell and Method - Case Study

    Man-Tech’s Turbidity Flow Cell and Method only requires calibrations every 1-3 months. Man-Tech’s automated turbidity has many benefits that make it work well: the sample is mixed to ensure homogeneity, excellent and stable calibrations, easy to add additional parameters including pH, conductivity, alkalinity, colour, and flouride, among other reasons. Why does ...


    By MANTECH INC.

  • Instek LTM Probes provide faster response times and superior pulp level monitoring

    Do you need reliable signals with accurate pulp level detection, low maintenance costs AND simultaneously increase your recoveries? Instek Control LTM products provide superior pulp-level interface monitoring through the benefits of conductance technology and advanced digital signal processing logic. Ideal for monitoring froth or foam covered process cells, tanks and sumps, the LTM probe ...


    By Zeroday Enterprises, LLC

  • Innova`s race against time; the sonic mystery

    What began as a puzzling mystery in the semi-arid scrub-land of Colorado, ended as a race against time for the acoustic specialists of INNOVA (formerly ATCO Noise Management). The Olathe Compression Station, operated by Kinder Morgan’s TransColorado Gas Transmission, is located on a plateau in isolated, canyon-cut Colorado countryside, three km from the nearest ...


    By Innova Global Limited.

  • Instrumentation and Operational Considerations for On-Line pH Measurement in Samples Below 10µS/cm Conductivity

    Ordinarily pH measurements are made in water with 1,000 to 10,000 µS/cm conductivity. The conductivity comes from dissolved solids which are typically salts but also acid or base. These dissolved substances are in the solution in ion form which makes such solutions conducting. With conductivities of 1,000 µS/ cm or more, an ample supply of mobile ions provides pH electrodes with a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • It Began With A Little Red Wagon: Collecting Real Information To Make Critical Decisions

    Tarrant Regional Water District (TRWD) and Pure Technologies U.S. (Pure) have a long history of working together to keep the water transmission mains in the Dallas-Fort Worth (DFW) area in good operating condition. The partnership began 17 years ago with mutual development of electromagnetic technology to inspect ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Oxocarbon Salts for Fast Rechargeable Batteries

    Oxocarbon salts (M2(CO)n) prepared through one-pot proton exchange reactions with different metal ions (M=Li, Na, K) and frameworks (n=4, 5, 6) have been rationally designed and used as electrodes in rechargeable Li, Na, and K-ion batteries. The results show that M2(CO)5/M2(CO)6 salts can insert two or four metal ions ...


    By SusChem

  • Groundwater Monitoring Case Study

    Global has been contracted by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Remediation and Redevelopment Division (MDEQ RRD) to conduct quarterly sampling at a former gas station and adjacent property located near a State of Michigan owned public assess site to Torch Lake. The purpose of the sampling is to assure that there are no impacts to the surface water located downgradient of the ...

  • Identification of Archeological Remnants

    Czorsztyn Castle, Poland 2D Electrical Imaging Objective Study area was within the ruins of the 14th century Czorsztyn Castle, located in the boundaries of Pieniny National Park (southern Poland). The main goal of this research was to check if one of the stone wall residues continues under the ground surface. Additionally, an attempt was ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Microbiological water quality of the Nišava River

    Microorganisms are the ideal indicators of the organic pollution of the surface waters because of their ability to promptly respond to environmental changes. Due to poor economic situation and lack of law implementation, most wastewaters in Serbia are released directly into a surface water recipient without any, or a limited, treatment. This practice has created numerous highly polluted ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Beaver Dam Groundwater Survey Project, Utah - Case Study

    In May 2014, we conducted seismoelectric survey for Willowstick Technologies LLC in Beaver Dam area, Utah, USA. According to our client’s requirement, we designed 3 seismoelectric survey lines, with total 50 measurement stations. After data processing and interpretation, we located 3 layers of aquifers. The red layers are the top and bottom of the first aquifer; the green ones for the ...


    By Seismo Electronic LLC.

  • Arsenic removal from groundwater using low-cost carbon composite electrodes for capacitive deionization

    Affordable carbon composite electrodes were developed to treat low-concentrated groundwater using capacitive deionization (CDI). A carbon slurry prepared using activated carbon powder (ACP), poly(vinylidene fluoride), and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone was employed as a casting solution to soak in a low-cost porous substrate. The surface morphology of the carbon composite electrodes was investigated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • HydraProbe Field Portable Used to Validate the Soil Moisture Active Passive Satellite Data in Manitoba

    The calibration and validation of remotely sensed soil moisture products relies upon an accurate source of ground truth data. The primary method of providing this ground truth is to conduct intensive field campaigns with manual surface soil moisture sampling measurements, which utilize gravimetric sampling, soil moisture probes, or both, to estimate the volumetric soil water content. Soil ...

  • It’s Time to Prepare for an OSHA PSM Inspection

    Companies who are required to comply with OSHA’s Process Safety Management standard (1910:119) should be on high alert now that inspectors are being encouraged to complete more time-consuming, complex investigations. The reason? OSHA’s new enforcement weighting ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • Case study -Norfolk County Council tackle groundwater contamination with low-flow

    Geotech low flow groundwater analysis equipment has enabled quick and easy access to samples at 2m intervals down a 28m screen in deep boreholes. Elizabeth Guilford of Norfolk County Council hired the low flow kit from Geotech and used it on a Norfolk CC landfill where leachate contamination of groundwater was suspected. Samples taken at 2m intervals close to elevation of the suspected ...


    By Geotech

  • Using an inter‐laboratory study to revise methods for conducting 10‐ to 42‐d water or sediment toxicity tests with Hyalella azteca

    Studies have been conducted to refine USEPA, ASTM, and Environment Canada standard methods for conducting 42‐d reproduction tests with H. azteca in water or in sediment. Modifications to the H. azteca method include better defined ionic composition requirements for exposure water (i.e., >15 mg/L of chloride and >0.02 mg/L of bromide) and improved survival, growth and reproduction with ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Redox conditions and groundwater quality issues of selected alluvial aquifers in Serbia

    Redox conditions are an important regulator of aqueous biogeochemistry and knowledge about them is crucial for an understanding of the fate and occurrence of nitrates, emerging substances, and organic compounds in shallow groundwater. The aim of this paper is to determine redox categories, along with prevailing redox processes, and the differences in groundwater quality between shallow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Determination of diurnal water level fluctuations in headwaters

    The aim of this paper is to study diurnal fluctuations of the water level in streams draining headwaters and to identify the controlling factors. The fieldwork was carried out in the Gryżynka River catchment, western Poland. The water levels of three streams draining into the headwaters via a group of springs were monitored in the years 2011–2014. Changes in the water pressure and water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Is swimming in recreational water associated with the occurrence of respiratory illness? A systematic review and meta-analysis

    This study represents the first systematic review and meta-analysis conducted to assess the association between swimming in recreational water and the occurrence of respiratory illness. Most studies focus their attention on gastrointestinal illnesses occurring after exposure to microbial polluted water. Fourteen independent studies that included 50,117 patients with significant heterogeneity ...


    By IWA Publishing

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