Air & Climate Articles

  • What is the Difference between a gas analyser and a gas monitor?

    Technically, there does not have to be any difference at all. However, semantically, “analysis” might suggest something more scientific with higher precision and better performance than a simple “monitor” which possibly suggests a more indicative output where precision is of less importance. With that said, the two words “analyser” and “monitor” are ...


    By Opsis AB

  • Operating Principle of an Oxygen Monitor

    The oxygen concentration in the flue gas of a combustion process such as that of a power plant or a waste incinerator gives a good indication of the efficiency of the combustion process. The parameter is therefore of great interest to optimize fuel economy, but also to control and reduce emissions of air pollutants. An ideal combustion process only results in CO2 and water, but ...


    By Opsis AB

  • Uncertainty in life cycle inventory data

    Addressing uncertainty in LCI data with particular emphasis on variability in upstream supply chains. Uncertainty in Life Cycle Assessment is usually related to measurement errors determination of the relevant data, e.g., consumption or emission figures. This white paper addresses thinkstep’s recommendations for addressing the quantification of uncertainty in an LCA ...


    By thinkstep

  • Fracking & Shale Gas

    Unconventional natural gas production (shale gas) by hydraulic fracturing - Quantification of the Environmental Footprint Due to the global decline of fossil energy reserves and resources, unconventional natural gas production has become increasingly important in the last decade. In this context, unconventional natural gas production means the production of shale gas, tight ...


    By thinkstep

  • Climate change reporting

    Managing information for climate change reporting: a CDP roadmap guide Using advanced software tools to enhance data quality and tackle climate change challenges The guide is aimed at all levels of responders -- from organizations making an initial submission to those with comprehensive responses or aiming to perform at the highest level. It includes a software roadmap to ...


    By thinkstep

  • Executive guide to energy, carbon and sustainability software

    Highlights from the Enterprise Carbon Accounting & Sustainability software report plus an exclusive vendor profile of thinkstep The ECA report is based on an analysis of 75 vendors, 30 vendor briefings and demos, and interviews with 26 companies that recently purchased software. Currently in its fifth version, the ECA report names each year the Market Leaders in ...


    By thinkstep

  • Carbon Footprint of electronic products

    Calculating the carbon footprint of electronic products with life cycle assessment. This whitepaper introduces a methodological approach for calculating the product carbon footprint considering industry-specific challenges and characteristics. The methodology is based on the extensive knowledge and experience of LCA practitioners. It enables and ...


    By thinkstep

  • Clean development mechanism projects

    What are Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Projects? The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is an element of the Kyoto Protocol that generates Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from eligible climate change projects in developing countries. CERs are valuable assets and can be used in compliance markets such as the EU ETS, or in national greenhouse gas schemes of Annex-I ...


    By thinkstep

  • Recycling lightweight automobiles

    Lightweight design is an important factor to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Nevertheless, not every weight savings inevitably reduces emissions. On the one hand, materials of lower weight need more energy to produce but, on the other hand, they reduce the consumption in the useful life. Only a consideration of the entire life of the automobile can determine if ...


    By thinkstep

  • Carbon Footprint of electronic products

    Carbon Footprint - what it is and how to measure it. Climate change is of high concern, driving growing demand for carbon footprint information. This white paper is designed to help your organisation get started with an efficient and effective approach to address this topic, building on existing international standards and European reference ...


    By thinkstep

  • Design for sustainability

    Five steps to help small and large companies embark on a journey towards sustainable design and green profitability. Sustainable design links social and environmental issues to the core business functions of companies (e.g. procurement, design, brand management, sales etc.) and provides a wide perspective that enables senior management to understand the broader impacts of their ...


    By thinkstep

  • The largest source of anthropogenic mercury emissions

    The artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is practiced in at least a dozen countries in Latin America. These industries are the largest source of anthropogenic mercury emissions which pollute the air, soil, and water and lead to severe problems with the human health. Therefore, mercury contamination has to be ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • BeiYi Machinery in Xiong'an new district

    On May 8, 2018, Xiong'an New District held a green environmental protection demolition launch ceremony, and Rongcheng County Ronghe boutique hotel was demolished within 10 hours. There are dozens of engineering machinery in the demolition ...

  • Lumpur Aktif (Activated Sludge)

    Lumpur aktif (activated sludge) merupakan campuran cair atau semicair dan partikel endapan lumpur dan tanah liat salah satu proses pengolahan air limbah secara biologi, proses pertumbuhan organisme yang berukuran sangat kecil yang biasa disebut mikroba tersuspensi dimana proses tersebut pada ...


    By Grinviro Biotekno Indonesia

  • Drying solution for producing SRF at Swindon Commercial Services, UK - Case Study

    From waste to energy Making fuel from waste a burning issue The challenge: Create valuable fuel from widely diverse waste For the community of Swindon in England, an investment in a state-of-the-art municipal solid waste plant was a major commitment for the future. Commercial Sales appointed Ma-chinex for a turnkey solution which separates and ...

  • Process optimization with RheoScan at a wastewater treatment plan in Ljubljana, Slovenia - Case Study

    Smart sludge control Fully automated polymer savings and increased biogas production with RheoScan ...

  • The impact of tower internals on column performance

    Full scale testing and analysis of operation demonstrate the importance of tower internals on the performance of mass transfer packings Fractionation Research Inc. (FRI) is the most modern independent test institute in the world for performing tray, random packing, and structured packing tests under rectification conditions on an industrial scale test column (see Figure 1). In 1998, Raschig ...


    By Raschig USA Inc.

  • Waste Heat as a benefit of VOC Destruction with a Thermal Oxidiser - Case Study

    Application Although many look at the energy used to destruct VOCs as an unnecessary waste, Dickinson Legg (now Garbuio Dickinson), the world leader in the design and manufacture of Primary Tobacco Processing Plants saw it as an opportune way to supplement the heat required in their client’s tobacco refining process – in very different ways. Garbuio Dickinson chose an ...

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